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Julian , California
January 1, 2014     The Julian News
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January 1, 2014

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12 The Julian News EARTH TALK00o Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear Earth Talk: What are "dark factories" and are they good for the environment? -- Mitchell Pearson, Erie, PA So-called dark factories I otherwise known as "lights out" or "automatic" factoriesiare manufacturing facilities that do not depend on human labor to get work done. While they may have some benefits for the environmentthey are certainly not beneficial overall considering the impact widespread adoption would have on needed jobs. Without human line workers, such factories can operate without lights, heating and cooling and other "amenities" required by human workers. Of course, very few such facilities are completely automated, as human workers are usually required to set up equipment or remove completed parts. And some run "lights-out" between human labor shifts or as separate shifts to meet increasing demand or save money. And while the up-front costs of setting up automated work routines manned by robots and other machines may be higher than setting up a traditional factory, on-going expenses can be significantly less given the lack of human payroll and other human-centric outlays. The first dark factories started appearing in Japan in the 1980s as companies there started to take advantage of improvements in the technology of robotics and automation to get around the high costs of human labor. At that time, business analysts predicted then that as technology improved and qualified workers became harder to find and more expensive to support, dark factories would become more prevalent around the world. But in the interim the spread of manufacturing to developing nations with cheap human labor may have temporarily forestalled the rise of dark factories. Also, General Motors' unsuccessful to get done may have some energy saving benefits but are certainly not beneficial overall considering the impact widespread adoption wouM have on needed jobs. Pictured." a Robotic arm loading Coca Cola bottles into boxes and loading the boxes onto an assembly line. Credit: Tom Maglieri, courtesy Flickr implementation of automated manufacturing in the 1980si quality declined and sales fell accordingly--soured many big companies on the concept back then. That said, there are many thriving examples of dark factories around the world. Many machine shops in the U.S. run "unattended" all or part ofthetime. Robots are commonplace now in the auto industry despite GM's faltering early on. makes extensive use of robotic systems in its distribution centers and last year even acquired the company behind the technology, Kiva Systems, for $775 million in cash. In Japan, FANUC Robotics operates a lights-out factory employing robots to make other robots. Japanese camera giant Canon recently announced that it is phasing out human workers at several camera factories by 2015. And in the Netherlands, Philips produces electric razors in a facility with 128 robots and nine human quality assurance workers. While widespread adoption, lights-out manufacturing could deliver substantial energy savings and thus be environmentally beneficial, but analysts wonder whether replacing human laborers with computers, machines and robots is a good thing for humanity overall. According to editor Mike Adams, the rise of automation is morelely to sharply divide the economic classes and cause widespread strife. "Those who are replaced by robots will become jobless and homeless," he explains. "Those whose lives are enriched by the benefit of the ....................................................................................... qf'rM ....................... " People Who Are Blind Equip The Military (NAPSA)-Many are surprised when they learn of the contributions that people who are blind make to both this country's economy and armed forces. For example, when the United States entered World War II, the American industrial base was in many cases staffed by people who were blind. They produced millions of the products used by the military both during the war and since then. National Industries for the Blind (NIB), the nation's leading employment resource for people who are blind, understands the capabilities of people who are blind and has helped thousands actively participate in the workforce, ad vance their I careers and lead independent lives. This mission is important because 70 percent of working- age Americans who are blind, some of whom are military veterans, are not employed. A cornerstone of N IB's success with creating jobs for people who are blind has been its relationship with federal customers, including the U.S. military. People who are blind working at NIB and its nationwide network of nonprofit agencies have equipped members of the military with mission-critical supplies and equipment for generations. They have also delivered a variety of mission support services to enhance military operations. During World War II, people who are blind manufactured 21 million mops, 41 million pillowcases and 17 million mailbags for the military. Today, people who are blind manufacture high-quality gear for the military including helmet covers, helmet pads, hydration systems, ammunition robots will become abundantly wealthy in the material quality of their lives." CONTACTS: FANUC Robotic.s, www. fanucrobotic s. corn, Kiva Systems,; SingularityHub, www.singularityhub. com,, www. ..... EarthTalkฎ is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E - The Environmental Magazine (www. Send questions to: earthtalk@emagazine, com. For over 75 years, people who are blind have been producing products that meet the exacting specifications of the U.S. military. pouches and combat uniforms. Additionally, military customers can find a variety of other products made by people who are blind, including office supplies, computer accessories and hardware, at 150 Base Supply Center stores located on federal or military installations across the country. "People who are blind have been meeting the exacting specifications of the U.S. military for 75 years and counting," said Kevin Lynch, NIB president and CEO. "There's no stronger evidence of the impressive skills and abilities of this largely untapped talent pool." To learn more, visit January 1, 2014 LUMBER & SUPPLY CO. 532 'B' Street Ramona 760 789 0240 } 1. Who was the first player from Venezuela to play major-league baseball? 2. In 2013, Clay Buchholz became the fourth pitcher in Boston Red Sex history to have five victories in April. Name two of the first three. 3. Who was the last Washington Redskins QB before Robert Gdffin III .in 2012 to throw and rush for touchdowns in consecutive games? 4, When was the last time before the 2011-12 season (Lorenzo Brown) that a North Carolina State men's basketball player led the ACC in steals per game? 5. How many combined seasons did hockey great Wayne Gretzky play in the WHA and the NHL? 6. In 2013, swimmer Katie Ledecky set a new U.S. women's record in the 1,500-meter freestyle, with a time of 15:47.15. Who had held the mark? 7. Who was the first winner of the Masters golf tournament in 1934. Answers on page 14 The word weathervane derives partly from the Old English wordfane (banner). "I'he first one known to be built was atop the Tower of the Winds in Athens in 48 B.C. by the astronomer Andronicus. It took its shape from the god Triton (with the body of a man and the tail of a fish) and was 4 to 8 feet long. The largest weathervane in the world is located on the shore of White Lake, Michigan. It stand.s.48 feettall and sports a 26-foot-long arrow that "' points ithe directio/i'0f 'Wind. - Brenda Weaver Source: www.weat ฉ 2013 by King Features Syndicate, Inc. World rights reserved. CUSTOM HOMES DECK NG DOORS & W NDOWS ELECTR CAL SERVICE HARDWOOD FLOOR NG C.ONTRACTORS • GRAD NG • PAINT NG • REMODEL NG • SEPTIC SYSTEMS • T L_E WORK • WATER SYSTEMS • WELL DRILL NG • General Contractor General Contractor Over 35 Years Experience Lawrence Noble, Owner Julian Resident for 27 years State Lic. 602654 New Construction Room Additions Decks Remodels 760" 765" 2363 PO Box 1342 JULIAN, CA 92036 Excavation / Site Work Painting DENNIS WINSHIP PAINTING Serving Julian since 1984 Fully Licensed and Insured 1760)/765000265 Commercial Residential. Ill Interior * Exteor P.O. Box 632 Julian, CA 920361] License #459575 Electrical Gus Gatcla "s ['al'),Water Well Electrical l/#New Meters I I /ขNewPanel I Additional Circuits I JCFans & Lighting Ph. 766 34 ! 0 cell (760) 27 ! 0 i 66 License # 678670 Contracting Repair, Painting QUALJI,T, oY_lkO F MANN CONSTRUCt;ION REPAIR I ,an Re,air Any Damage tMYour Home Ho00,Mann 760 484 7189 CA Contractor #459018 Since 1984 Painting 3month 3ailing PAINTING • Exterior/Interior Specialist • . •. 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