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January 8, 2014     The Julian News
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10 The Julian News Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: I recently heard the term "ocean sprawl," which was a new one on me. We all know "sprawl" as it manifests itself above sea level But in the oceans? Can you enlighten? -- Bill Chadwick, Nantucket, MA We are all familiar by now with "urban sprawl"--the uncontrolled spread of urban development into areas beyond the city. But environmentalists warn that the next frontier in sprawl is on the high seas, where the proliferation of fishing, shipping, tourism, resource extraction, energy development, military exercises and other human activity has begun to call into question just how vast our oceans really are. According to the non,profit Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), our oceans are already under siege from problems like pollution, overfishing and acidification, and increased industrial activity off-shore--leading to so-called "ocean sprawl"--will jeopardize the food, jobs and recreation we have come to depend on the oceans to provide. It's hard to believe, given how much planning goes into various types of development and human activity on land, that the oceans are still like the Wild West--with various entities staking claims on huge stretches of open water for different purposes. A promising approach to combat ocean sprawl is called coastal and marine spatial planning (CMSP), a form of zoning for the seas to help define who can do what and where, Says the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the federal agency charged with predicting changes in climate, weather, oceans and coasts, CMSP "identifies areas most suitable for various types or classes of activities in order to reduce conflicts among uses, reduce environmental impacts, The next frontier in sprawl may be on the high seas, where the proliferation of fishing, shipping, tourism, resource extraction, energy development, military exercises and other human activity has begun to call into question just how vast our oceans really are. Pictured." a fishing trawler on the high seas. photo: Jon Anderson/Fliekr facilitate compatible uses and Business Forum on Marine preserve critical ecosystemSpatial Planning in 2011 and services to meet economic, will take part in a World Ocean environmental, security andSummit in San Francisco in social objectives." "Marine planning places sound science and the best available information at the heart of. decision-making and brings federal, state, tribal and other partners together to cooperatively develop coastal and marine spatial plans," continues NOAA. "This process is designed to decrease user conflict, improve planning and regulatory efficiencies, decrease associated costs and delays, engage affected communities and stakeholders, and preserve critical ecosystem functions and services." President Obama's 2010 National Ocean Policy clirects NOAA and other federal agencies to work with ocean users, industries and coastal communities on ways to implement CMSP in America's off-shore waters to prevent ocean sprawl at home while setting an example for other nations around the world. Nine regional planning bodies are currently tasked with developing detailed plans for their own regions by early 2015, at which point federal policy makers will begin to coordinate implementation. In response to momentum on CMSP, a coalition of industries including offshore energy, shipping, fisheries, recreation, mining and others formed the World Ocean Council to have a say in how and where marine spatial planning is implemented. The group organized a National February 2014. Those of us who appreciate the sea certainly hope that CMSP and other approaches will succeed in turning the tide for oceans and not be undermined by special interests only concerned with bottom lines. CONTACTS: NRDC, www. nrdc.org; NOAA Coastal & Marine Spatial Planning, www.msp.noaa. gov; World Ocean Council, www. oceancouncil, org. EarthTalk is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E - The Environmental Magazine (www. emagazine.com). Send questions to: earthta/k@emagazine.com. SmartPhone Security continued from page 2 Lock your smartphone to restrict access; Wipe sensitive personal information and mobile wallet credentials from your smartphone; and Make your smartphone emit a loud sound ("scream") to help you or the police locate it. when you report the stolen or lost smartphone. If you provide your carrier with the IMEI or MEID number, your carrier may be able to disable your smartphone, your mobile wallet services, and block access to your personal information and sensitive mobile wallet data. Request written confirmation from your carrier that you reported the smartphone as missing and that Adjust your "locked screen" the smartphone was disabled. display to show your contact If your smartphone or information so that your. mobile device was stolen, also immediately report the theft to the smartphone may be returned to police, including the make and you if found. Be careful about what model, serial and IMEI or MEID information you store. Social number. Some carriers require networking and other apps proof that the smartphone was may pose a security risk and stolen, and a police report can allow unwanted access to your provide that documentation. If you are unable to lock personal information and mobile your stolen or lost smartphone, wallet data. What to Do if Your Mobile change all of your passwords Wallet Smartphone Is Stolen for mobile wallet services and If you are not certain whether your smartphone or mobile device has been stolen or if you have simply misplaced it, attempt to locate the smartphone by calling it or by using the security software's GPS locater. Even if you may have only lost the smartphone, you should remotely lock it to be safe. If you have installed security software on your smartphone, use it to lock the device, wipe sensitive personal information, and/or activate the alarm. Immediately report the theft or loss to your wireless carrier. You will typically be responsible for any charges incurred prior to banking accounts that you have accessed using your smartphone service. For more information about what to do if your wireless device is lost or stolen, and contact information for service providers, go to: http:llwww.fcc.govlguidesl stolen-and-lost-wireless-devices For More Information For information on other communications issues, visit the FCC's Consumer website, or contact the FCC's Consumer Center by calling 1-888-CALL- FCC (1-888-225-5322) voice or 1-888-TELL-FCC (1-888-835- 5322) TTY; foxing 1-866-418- 0232; or writing to: Federal Communications Commission Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau Consumer Inquiries and Complaints Division 445 12th Street, SW Washington, DC 20554 I January 8, 2014 1. Name the last brothers before Atlanta's B.J. and Justin Upton in 2013 to hit back-to-back homers in a major-league game. 2. Who holds the major-league record for most career major- league pinch-hit home runs? 3. In 2012, the New England Patriots ended a record run for most consecutive games played without their won-loss mark falling below .500. How many was it? 4. How many consecutive seasons has Gonzaga men's basketball coach Mark Few notched at least 20 wins? 5. Who was the Washington Capitals' career points leader enteringthe 2013-14 NHL season? 6. How many CONCACAF Gold Cup soccer tournaments has the U.S. men's soccer team won? 7. Name the last filly to win the Kentucky Derby, and the year it was done. Answers on page 14 Mulch protects against chilling temperatures and the repeated freezing and thawing of soil that causes plants to "heave" out of the ground. Mulching needs to be done after the ground starts to freeze but before the first significant snowfall of the year. If you mulch sooner, mice and other rodents may in the mulch, and plants may not be completely dormant. " " - .... -'ff" Brenda Weaver Source: 2013 by King Features Syndicate, Inc. World rights reserved. . 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