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January 14, 2015     The Julian News
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12 The Julian News EARTH TALK00o Questions &amp; Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: How is it that antibiotics are being "overused," as I've read, and what are the potential consequences? -- Mitchell Chase, Hartford, CT The development and widespread adoption of so- called "antibiotics"--drugs that kill bacteria and thereby reduce infection--has helped billions of people live longer, healthier lives. But all this tinkering with nature hasn't come without a cost. The more we rely on antibiotics, the more bacteria develop resistance to them, which makes treating infections that much more challenging. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), overuse of antibiotics by humans--such as for the_ mistreatment of viral infections--means these important drugs are less effective for all of us. Besides the toll on our health, researchers estimate that antibiotic resistance causes Americans upwards of $20 billion in additional healthcare costs every year stemming from the treatment of otherwise preventable infections. A bigger issue, though, is our growing reliance on feeding antibiotics to livestock for growth promotion, weight gain and to treat, control and prevent disease. This increasingly common practice is a significant factor in the emergence of antibiotic- resistant bacteria, which the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) acknowledges can get passed onto humans who eat food from treated animals. The non-profit Environmental Working Group (EWG) reports that the majority of the ground beef and ground turkey sold in the typical American grocery store contains antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Last year, 26 animal pharmaceutical companies voluntarily complied with an FDA request to re-label medically important antibiotics used in food-producing animals to warn against using them for growth promotion and weight gain. FDA also recommended that medically important antibiotics be prescribed by licensed veterinarians and only to treat, control and prevent disease. "We need to be selective about the drugs we use in animals and when we use them," says William Flynn of the FDA's According to the EPA, there are more than 450,000 Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs) across the United States like the one pictured where animals are kept and raised in confined situations. Since antibiotics are necessary to keep disease at bay, AFOs are breeding grounds for antibiotic- resistant bacteria, much of which can get transferred to consumers who eat meat. Credit: Socially Responsible Agricultural Project, Flicker CC Center for Veterinary Medicine. "Antimicrobial resistance may not be completely preventable, but we need to do what we can to slow it down." Still some worry that the FDA's action doesn't go far enough, given that farmers will still be able to administer antibiotics to their livestock for disea.se prevention. The fact that more and more livestock operations are switching over to Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs) whereby animals are confined in crowded enclosures. (instead of allowed to graze at pasture) means that antibiotics will play an increasingly important role in disease prevention. For its part, the FDA argues that since veterinarians need to authorize antibiotic use for disease prevention, farmers and ranchers are less likely to overuse antibiotics " for their livestock populations. The same can be said about doctors' limiting the prescription of antibiotics for their human patients, but only time will tell whether such newfound restraint is enough in the fast evolving arms race between bacteria and our antibiotics. Of course, consumers can do their part by avoiding antibiotic medications unless absolutely necessary and eating less meat (or giving it up entirely) to help reduce demand. CONTACTS: CDC, www.cdc. gov; EWG, www.ewg.org; FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine, www. fda.gov/Anima/Veterinary. Earth Talk is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E - The Environmental Magazine (www. emagazine.com). Send questions to: earthta/k@emagazine.com IMPORTANT NOTICE California Business and Professions Code Section 7027, et see. requires that any advertisement by a licensed contractor include the contractors license number. Section 7027.2 says that unlicensed persons whose work qualifies under the minor work exemption, tess than $300 including material and labor, may advertise, provided that he or she state in the advertisement that they are nol licensed, The California Contractors State License Board publishes a free hookiet. "What You Should Know Before You Hire A Contracler," For lree information call: 1-800-321-CSLB(2,52). 1, IUUUC] One cow produces from 200,000 to 350,000 glasses of milk in her lifetime. G00r/t Remove all rust and debris from your tools, and sharpen dulled edges. Use a mild disinfectant to cleanse your tools of disease, mold and mildew. Dry them, and give them a wipe of linseed oil on the wooden and metal areas to help prevent rust. - Brenda Weaver Source: www.wikihow.com 2014 by King Features Syndicate, Inc. World rights reseNed, Ask Pastor Rick relations." In advance of the prayer service, Franklin Graham, son of evangelist Billy Graham, criticized the decision on FaceBook. Source: NBC News, summarized by Pastor Rick Religion In The News National Ask Pastor Rick Pastor Rick, was Abraham a prophet and if he was what did he prophesy? According to Genesis 20:7, Abraham was described as a prophet. However, that raises an interesting point. Your question shows that today, many people see prophets as "prophesiers," like fortune-tellers, mystics, or mediums who see the future and reveal its secrets to us. The Hebrew word translated Cathedral Hosts into English as prophet, is First Muslim Prayer National Cathedral, the prominent Washington DC Episcopal cathedral, often hosts national events, such as presidential funerals, and has hosted Muslims at various interfaith services in the past. But planners said this is the first time the cathedral has invited Muslims to lead their own prayers there, which they call a "powerful symbolic gesture." Planners said the prayer service developed after the cathedral's liturgical director met South African Ambassador Ebrahim Rasool while planning the national memorial service for Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa. In a statement, Rasool said, "This is a dramatic moment in the world and in Muslim-Christian nabi. Nabi simply means, "spokesman." If we could think of the Hebrew understanding of nan rather than our cultural understanding of prophet, we January 14, 2015 would be much better off, A prophet is merely a "mouthpiece" of God's word and His will, and speaks by inspiration from God. I think the perfect example to give you is Moses and Aaron. When Moses complained to God that he didn't feel qualified to speak to Pharaoh, God said to him, "Now you shall speak to [Aaron] and put the words in his mouth. And I will be with your mouth and with his mouth, and I will teach you what you shall do. So he shall be your spokesman to the people. And he himself shall be as a mouth for you..." [Exodus 4:15-16]. Rick Hi// is the Senior Pastor at Hillside Church on 3rd and C Streets in Julian, CA. Direct a//questions and correspondence to: PastorRick@ ju/ianchurch.org or Hillside Church, Religion /n The News, Box 973, Julian, CA, 92036. (Opinions in this column do not necessarily express the views of Julian News, its editor, or employees.) R.ED. by Mike Marland PoTILL. 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