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January 27, 2016     The Julian News
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January 27, 2016

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10 The Julian News January 27, 2016 Lic: #995342 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~/Y/~ • Gradihg • Seal Coating • Sign Installation • Paving • Striping • Thermoplastic • Culverts & Drains •Wheel Stop & Road Markers www.j ulianasphait.com (619)201-2361 mrsimser@gmail.com Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: What is being done save elephants around the world? I understand that these magnificent creatures are teetering on the brink of extinction. - Millie Vicente, San Jose, CA dogs would intensify poacher monitoring. According to a June 2014 CITES report, 20 percent of Africa's elephants may be killed in the next 10 years if poaching continues at current levels. Meanwhile, many worry that extinction isn't far off. "This species could be extinct in our lifetime, within one or two decades, if the current trend continues," said Dune Ives, senior researcher at Vulcan Inc., which is working with the non- profit Elephants Without Borders on the Great Elephant Census to A disturbing~ new wave of illegal elephant poaching has been underway in Africa in recent years due to rising demand for ivory goods by China's budding middle class. In just one decade between 1979 and 1989, half of all Africa's elephants were lost to the ivory trade. Public outrage over the loss led to a ban on all international trade in elephant tusks by the Convention on" Internationa Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) an internationa agreement regulating trade in wild animals and plants--and African elephant populations were able to bounce back. However, a disturbing new wave of illegal elephant poaching has been underway in Africa in recent years, due to rising demand for ivory goods by China's budding middle class. As much as 70 percent of illegal ivory goes to China. In Beijing, one pound of ivory can bring in $1,000.: From 2010 to 2012 alone, 100,000 elephants were killed for ivory tusks. Last year, approximately 30,000 elephants were illegally poached--this equates to one elephant being killed every 15 minutes. Massacres that leave behind graveyards of nearly 100 elephant remains have become prevalent across Africa. In 2013, poachers on horseback in southwest Chad shot and cut the tusks off of at least 86 elephants, including 33 pregnant females, in less than a week. American missionary Gary Roberts tried to rescue a surviving baby he found tied to a tree, but despite his best efforts the elephant died. "The poachers killed pregnant females and all the calves," said Celine Sissler- Bienvenu from the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW). "Even if the conditions were right, which they are not, it would take more than 20 years for, this population to recover." In Zimbabwe, poachers are using cyanide to kill entire herds at a time. In October 2015, rangers in Zimbabwe's Hwange Nationa Park found 78 elephants killed by the poison. "We're now trying to check how many elephants had fully developed tusks, because babies are among those killed," said Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management spokeswoman Caroline Washaya-Moyo. "The rate at which we are losing animals to cyanide is alarming," she added. Some 300 elephants fell victim to the same fate in the park a year before. Many non- target species are also dying from the cyanide intended for elephants. The park agency was hoping drones and trained Credit: Philip Milne, FlickrCC. document elephant population numbers around the world. "In five years, we may have lost the opportunity to save this magnificent and iconic animal." Meanwhile, other groups are working diligently to spread awareness about the ongoing crisis. In summer 2015, Save the Elephants staged public demonstrations in Beijing and New York City where they destroyed nearly two tons of ivory. "If we want our grandchildren to grow up in a world where they see elephants in the wild," U.S. Interior Secretary Sally Jewell told the crowd amassed at the New York event in Times Square, "we owe it to them to shut down the market that fuels poachers." CONTACTS: CITES, www. cites.org; IFAW, www.ifaw.org; Great Elephant Census, www. greatelephantcensus, com; Elephants Without Borders, www. elephantswithoutborders.org; Save the Elephants, savetheelephants. org. EarthTalk® is produced by Doug Moss &noddy Scheer and is a registered trademark of Earth Action Network Inc. View past columns at: www.earthtalk.org. Or e-mail us your question: earthtalk@ emagazine.com. What To Know About A For A Mortgage (StatePoint) Although homeownershlp doesn't make good financial sense for everyone, some experts say you may be qualified to purchase real estate without realizing it. "Factor in .today's very low interest rates and current home prices, and affordable mortgages are within reach for many qualified borrowers who may have been hesitant to enter the market," says Christina Boyle, senior vice president and head of single-family sales and relationship management at Freddie Mac. After receiving your application, along with the required paycheck stubs, W-2s, bank statements and tax returns, lenders will evaluate the four Cs'. • Capacity: Your income, employment history, savingS, and monthly debt payments -- such as credit card charges and other financial obligations -- hel p lenders determine whether you Swap Out Your For Better Health Cindy Brook (Family Features) You probably realize that eating too many FreshWater sugary foods and gaining weight go hand in hand. What you may Even though it's cold out there, not know is that aside from backyard birds still need fresh loading up on calories that help water. Birdbaths don't have to be pack on the pounds, consuming fancy:. Just make sure they're easy too much sugar can also harm to clean and shallow enough so your health in other ways. small birds will use them. Many Consuming more than nine online or local sources carry de- teaspoons of sugar a day for men icers and heated birdbaths. The and six teaspoons for women birds will thank you. can lead to health problems, -maiZ:birdingbits@cfl.rr.cor, such as tooth decay, obesity and ©2016 Fea ,e, Sy ate depression. Reducing your sugar • FISHING REPORT • intake can help more than your waistline; it can improve your overall health. First, it's important to recognize that there are two types of sugar - natural sugar and added sugar. Natural sugar is found in fruits, milk and some whole grains. Added sugar is sugar that is added to processed foods and drinks, such as cookies, cereals and soda. Added sugar affects your body =n many ways. It can be as addictive as drugs, tobacco or alcohol because it affects the same regions of the brain, triggering the pleasure sensors to release dopamine. Dopamine makes you want to eat more, From even when you are not hungry, noway., When you consume too much -- Lake Cuyamaca added sugar, your liver has 3- - No Repo to work extra hard to process "" rt " one 9 2th it. Excess sugar in the liver ]2-ounce can teaspoons one apple teaspoons Of course, plenty of parents often turns into fat, which can of soda - of sugar of sugar may not agree with my approach, lead to liver damage or other but the reality is that most kids health concerns, such as high today, especially teens and cholesterol, diabetes or heart ..."" tweens are spending much disease. =-- 1 of their time online, parental It can also overload and one serving 8-10 TwO tablespoonsteaspoon approval notwithstanding. They of sugary puff teasooons of peanut butter of sugar may be digital natives, but damage your pancreas, which breakfast cereal of sugar controls the blood sugar called that doesn't mean they know insulin that powers your muscles what they're doing. Research and organs. Lack of insulin by the Family Online Safety can cause muscle and nerve Institute found that 43 percent damage, of teens admitted they've posted Limit added sugars in your diet something online that they later with these healthy alternatives: regretted. * Skip sugary cereals at A recent study concluded that breakfast. Instead, opt for a "many young people choose to protein-rich meal. Options, such take risks by posting intimate, as eggs, turkey sausage and personal information and/ whole-wheat toast with peanut or questionable commentary butter are healthier ways to fuel online, often without parental your day. awareness," -- and do so even though they are aware of * Bring healthy snacks to potential dangers. Based on work to ward off the temptation this research, the study authors of sugary treats. Some smart urged that parents "not be afraid choices include: frozen grapes, to act as a guide to their child." trail mix, yogurt, almonds, apple Along with following this slices and peanut butter with sage advice, watching my kids celery sticks, as they venture out into this * Instead of pie, donuts or cake, amazing new world gives me a curb your sweet tooth craving by I j1GUARD YOUR www.GuardYourHealth.com hundred ways my parents never reaching for fresh fruit, low-fat HEALTH f www.facebook.com/ARNGHealth had to help my kids grow. I can frozen yogurt or a fruit and yogurt ........ www.twitter.com/arnghealth see sadness, drama, and new parfait .................................... ....... ............... interests unfold with a glance at * If you can't substitute a fruit, my phone. I "meet" the friends make your treats small, such as of sugar- the maximum an adult make it easy to replace they never bring home. Sure, it a single fun-size piece of candy, maleshould consumeln an entire sugary foods with smarter requires keeping upon a bazillion * Sodas, energy drinks and day. Skip the sugary beverages options for better health. Visit privacy details, teaching ground sports drinks sneak in a lot of and try hot or iced tea, fizzy guardyourhealth,com for more rules, coaching social skills, and sugar calories. In fact, a single waterer lemon water instead,food and nutrition tipsand spending time "stalking" them in can of soda has nine teaspoonsChoosing simple substitutions resources, their networks. But I think that comes with the parent territory these days. Saying yes and staying involved have the means to take on a More loan application tips can Cyber Of coursethis brave new world mortgage comfortably, be found at myhome.freddiemac, continued from page 5 makes parents nervous, and I • Capital: The money and com. tools to keep an eye on them -- get it. The mom delivering the savings you have on hand, plus "You have choices, so interview, whenever possible. Some people uncompromising lecture at the investments, properties,and lenders to compare costs," says might call this stalking. Others dinner party was talking about other salable assets.. Boyle, who also recommends might call it lax. I call it smart her8-year-old whowanted toget • Collateral: The value of the getting the process started parenting in the digitalworld, on Instagram. A photo sharing home that you plan to buy. early. "Getting pre-approved for As parents, we can't expect social network where the privacy • Credit: Your bill- and debt- a loan can help you shop with our newly fledged human setting is, by default, public is paying record, confidence." beings to sort out such massive not the place for an 8-year-old. technological and social changes But there are social networks on their own. And while thedesigned for young kids. A more hardline approach "Just sayforward-looking response might The MortgageApplication no" -- isn't as bad as ignoring have been, "You're too young for YourlenderwillworkwthyoutocompleteaU. your kids' online behavior, both Instagram. The social network Application and you'll n ~.......~ niter. Residential Loan ........ your,,ost e,t: strategies ultimately leave them you'd like is Club Penguin (or unsupervised in potentially Everloop, or Runescape.) Let's w.z, dangerous territory, continued on page 12 Statements from all bank and investment accounts Statements for all outsrandingflebt If you are looking for a cold remedy, consider Tax ,.. horseradish. It provides vitamin C, promotes sweating, loosens chest and sinus Proof of any suppiemental income congestion, stimulates the nerves, and soothes The approval, process Your lender will submit your infQrmation for approval, ~ ~ ~ using the following to assess your eligib lit2/: ~ E~ Your"Four Cs": capacity to repay, capital (cash available), "~ ~;~ collateral (the home), and your credit score Housing Expense Ratio ~ the % ofy0ur income that wi|l be used to pay your mortgagd ~" Debt-to-Income Ratio -- the % of your income that wilt be used to pay your mortgage and other debts sore throats; it is also a diuretic, and useful for urinary infections: Combine 1,or 2 tablespoons of fresh grated root with a little lemon juice or cider vinegar. Horseradish stimulates blood flow, increasing warmth [ and circulation to cold muscles and)oints ] ................................................ when used externally as a rub: Combine [ T h-ecosts " i or 2 tablespoons o/fresh grated root I Within3days0fcompletingyourapplication, with cider vinegar and honey, ] your lender will send you disclosure statements that include: Source: www.motherear thnews,com, www.anniesremed),,c0~? The tewas of your loan and all estimated costs - ~ YourAPR, finance charge, and payment Schedule ~ 2016 by King Features Syndicate, Inc. World rights reserved.