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Julian , California
February 22, 2012     The Julian News
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February 22, 2012

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12 The Julian News EARTH TALK00 Questions &amp; Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: I read that car makers had agreed to up fuel economy standards to an average of about 55 miles per gallon by the year 2025, and that specifics were due to be hammered out by the end of 2011. Did this happen and where do things stand now? -- Scott Ellis, Norwalk, CA After years of wrangling on t the issue, auto companies, regulators and policymakers have finally come to terms on increased Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for vehicles plying American roads. According to the plan as formulated by the Obama administration, automakers will double the average, unadjusted fuel-economy rating of their car and light truck vehicle fleets to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025 from today's standard of 27 miles per gallon. Automakers which don't meet the standards will be penalized $5.50 per 0.1 miles per gallon they fall below; multiplied by their total production for. the U.S. market. Congress is likely to sign the new rules, which will start taking effect for the 2017 @ ' I000it00dGREEN model year, into law this summer. According to the White House, the higher standards will likely lead to price increases of some $2,000 per vehicle to cover the costs of more expensive technology, but drivers should save an average of $6,600 in gas over the life of a vehicle. Environmental advocacy groups allied as the Go60mpg Coalition report that the new rules will create almost halfa million new jobs while cutting domestic oil consumption by 1.5 million barrels or more a day by 2030. "The standards are going to lead to large investments and a rebirth of the U.S. auto industry February 22, 2012 as]gbaeadersnnnatnUSauindustrynthefrefrntbyRddyScheerandDugMss !grts says Roland Hwang, director of manufacturing innovation." and is a registered trademark of t of the Transportation program In addition to the new CArE E - The Environmental Magazine ( www. emagazine, com). Send at the Natural Resources Standards for cars and light questions to:earthtalk@emagazine. Defense Council, one of the six trucks, the White House is com. Subscribe: www.emagazine. -\\;]C-=mA,P,IBP environmental groups (along calling for a 20 percent cut in com/subscribe. Free Trial IsSue: with Environment America, the greenhouse gas emissions National Wildlife Federation, from large trucks and buses by the Safe Climate Campaign, the 2018. The fuel economy bump Sierra Club and the Union of inherent in these new truckrules Kennedy To Speok Concerned Scientists) behind will translate to some $73,000 continuedirompage] 0 Go60mpg. Hwang figures the in fuel savings for truckers over new rules will generate $300 billion in extra revenue to the U.S. auto industry, not to mention lining consumers' pocketbooks with an estimated $200 billion in fuel savings. "This is a big deal [and] something that will keep the In a plan formulated by the Obama administration, auto makers will double the average, unadjusted fuel-economy rating of their cars and light trucks to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025from today's standard of 27 miles per gallon. Congress is likely to sign the new rules, which will start taking effect for the 201,7 model year, into law this summer. photo: Hemera Collection/Thinkstock  the lifetime of a new 18-wheeler and some 530 million barrels of oil saved for all large trucks and buses made between 2014 and 2018. Critics point out that no one can be sure how much new technology will add to the cost of vehicles, let alone how fluctuations in gas prices, consumer tastes and the overall economy could impact what types of cars people want to drive. While the new rules represent a gamble in regard to these variables, enough Americans see the benefits of more fuel efficient vehicles outweighing the trade- offs. Of course, environmentally conscious consumers can already buy more fuel efficient vehicles Priuses, Volts and Leafs are already all over American roads. And if Congress goes along with its intent to pass the new rules, greener cars will be standard and the U.S will be on the forefront of automotive innovation once again. CONTACTS: Go6Ompg Coalition, EarthTalk is written and edited Unite<tGREEN E.mpowerlng Sustainable Communities RESERVATIONS UnitedGRE EN's Executive Director, Mark Hanson, Ph.D., said, "At the November event, we brought together experts from academia, government, industry, and the community and already we are seeing projects moving forward as a result of the collaborations forged at that event. At the March event we want the best and the brightest to report on what has been accomplished since November and outline what needs to be done next." The FSF Symposium is open to anyone who is interested. Tickets for the two-day event are $95 or $35 for students and members of partner organizations. More information and tickets are available on the UnitedGREEN. org web site. "There are billions of higher education dollars that annually go unused because people do not know how to get them," said Idalah D. Womack, MSW, LCSW, author of "1 True College Money Since !978, " sixth edition (Infinity Publishing). For more information, call (877) Buy-Book or visit buybooksontheweb, com. 1. The top two home-run hitters for the decade of the 1950s were both Dodgers (Duke Snider, 326 homers; Gil Hodges, 310). Who was No. 3 in the decade? 2. In 2010, Texas' Nelson Cruz and lan Kinsler became the second set of teammates to each hit three home runs in a playoff series of five or fewer games. Who was the first? 3. Which team holds the NFL record for most rushing TDs in a season? 4. In '2011, Illinois' Demetri McCamey became the second player in Big Ten men's basketball history to have at least 1,600 points and 700 assists for a career. Who was the first? 5. Pittsburgh's Jaromir Jagr won the NHL scoring title four consecutive years (1998-2001). How many different players have won it since? 6. Kenya's Patrick Makau set the world record in the marathon in 2011 with a time of 2:03:38 in Berlin. From what country was the previous record holder? 7. In 2011, Tom Lewis tied an amateur record by shooting a 65 in a men's golf major (British Open). At which major have three amateur golfers shot a 65? answers page 13 He that wrestles with us strengthens our nerves and sharpens our skill. Our antagonist is our helper. Edmund Burke TWO-DAY Grin Solutions Symposium to be held at SAN DIEGO STAT[ [ JNIVERSITY Food, Energy, & r sunabi|i Transpo on, Education, and Employment. The Forging a Sustainable Future Symposium II starts now! 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