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February 24, 2021     The Julian News
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African and American Folktales Many parents and grandparents tell folktales to the children in their family. Storytellers spin them for listeners of all ages. A folktale may have: 1. ________ solved 2. ________ of things that are hard to understand 3. ________ for an unkind person 4. ________ learned 5. a ________ for a good person 6. ________ who can overcome anything 7. ________ spells 8. ________ animals In America, we are lucky to have folktales from around the world. As people come here to live, they bring stories they have heard and shared before. These stories tell about life and nature. African Americans have a wealth of folklore from Africa to share with their families and others. Some also share stories from their history as slaves and free people in America. Most slaves were not taught to read or write, so they told tales of Africa as well as new stories of life as experienced here. Many of these stories have been collected and written down. The tales in children's story books are beautifully illustrated for all to enjoy. Ask a librarian for help in finding some of these folktales... you'll be glad you did! 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 heroes lessons explanations reward talking punishment problems magical 6. tricky, greedy, lazy 7. proud, cruel 8. sneaky, clever 9. honorable, swift 10. patient, plotting 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 C O O O S H A A I E 1. stubborn, fearful 2. misleading, gets others to do what he wants 3. timid, loyal 4. playful, clever 5. wise, brave warthog chameleon crocodile monkey tortoise spider lion cheetah jackal snake Folktales often use animals to make a point. The animals are used to show what people are like or how they behave. Which animals may be used to stand for these traits? A cat may be sneaky. A dog may be too trusting and get tricked. What is your favorite folktale? Did you hear it from your parents or grandparents? This animal is often seen in folktales. Sometimes he is hiding. He is small, but fast and clever! __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ U I F U B M L J O H F H H T Draw another animal often found in folktales. What is he like? 1. Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters: An African Tale by John Steptoe. 2. A Story A Story by Gail E. Haley. 3. Anansi the Spider Man by Philip M. Sherlock. 4. Jump! The Adventures of Brer Rabbit by Joel Chandler Harris. 5. The Tales of Uncle Remus told by Julius Lester. 6. The People Could Fly told by Virginia Hamilton. 7. Nelson Mandela’s Favorite African Folktales by Nelson Mandela. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ : Bzzz i n A West African Tale: by Verna Aardema 4. In the legend of John Henry, it is said that he was born with and died with, this in his hand: John Henry: An American Legend by Ezra Jack Keats M M H A E R by Robert San Souci Find a Favorite Folktale! B B R A T I Check out these cool folktales: o u i o W + ’ 3. This magical folktale has a chicken house full of these. To find out what, fill in each blank with the letter of the alphabet that comes before the one given. 1 2 3 11 1. This folktale explains why an insect does what it does! Study the pictures and letters to help you fill in the title. This animal is: 1. ______________________________ 2. ______________________________ 3. ______________________________ Which Folktale? Unscramble the word. Follow the dots to see what John Henry held: These animals – but not alligators – live in #1 #2 Africa. In stories they may be magical or dishonest. L C D I E O C R O Newspaper Fun! Created by Annimills LLC © 2021 2. In the tale, Beautiful Blackbird: by Ashley Bryan, a bird paints a touch of his beautiful color onto other birds’ feathers. b l a c k Annimills LLC © 2021 V17-8 Newspaper Fun! www.readingclubfun.com Kids: color stuff in! ...folktales from around the world. Contact your library to borrow... 8 The Julian News February 24, 2021 Faith and Living Pastor Cindy Arntson Solution page 11 This time of year, you often hear people ask, “What are you giving up for Lent?” They are referring to the spiritual discipline of fasting. It most often involves giving up something you eat or drink but giving up a creature comfort or an enjoyable activity can also be a fast. Lent is the 40 days before Easter not including Sundays and this year it started on February 17. Sundays aren’t included because they are considered “little Easters” or resurrection days. Fasting isn’t unique to Christians. People of various cultures and religions have practiced the discipline of fasting throughout history. Our Jewish forefathers practiced fasting on holy days and at times of mourning, discernment, repentance and/or preparation for a major undertaking. Though fasting became less common among Protestant Christians after the Reformation and among Catholics after Vatican II, Christians of all types are finding that even though fasting is not required for our relationship with God, it is helpful. I have used fasting as a spiritual discipline for many years, but my understanding of it has shifted over time. At first, I used fasting to challenge myself to give up something I liked but believed was not good for me. (I was able to permanently give up watching soap operas in this way.) Later, I used fasting as an opportunity to sacrifice something and limit my pleasure. This was especially true whenever I gave up chocolate. More recently, I used fasting to develop self-discipline and remind myself that God is the one thing I should desire most. The “suffering” of a fast is also a way to remind ourselves of Jesus’ suffering for our sake but I have a hard time saying there is any comparison between giving up TV and the suffering of Jesus. My perspective changed again when I read something by C.S. Lewis. Writing about the difference between being focused on “unselfishness” and focused on “love” he says, “The negative ideal of unselfishness carries with it the suggestion not primarily of securing good things for others, but of doing without them ourselves, as if our abstinence and not their happiness was the important point. I do not think this is the Christian virtue of love. The New Testament has lots to say about self-denial, but not about self- denial as an end in itself.” This idea of fasting being about other people is also expressed in Isaiah 58:6-7, in which God says, “Is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of injustice, to undo the thongs of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free, and break every yoke? Is it not to share your bread with the hungry, and bring the homeless poor into your house; when you see the naked, to cover them, and not to hide yourself from your own kin?” For many years, my fasting was more focused on self- improvement than love, more focused on my personal relationship with God than my relationship with others. The words from Isaiah and C.S. Lewis call me to a different type of fast. Whether I give up TV watching time to write letters or give up drinking Starbucks to save money to help feed the hungry, I now want my fast to be an act of love. The surprising thing is that when our focus while fasting is on God and others, good things happen around and within ourselves. As you draw closer to others through self-giving love, may you experience greater closeness to God and blessings for yourself in this holy season. Cindy Arntson is ordained clergy serving Community United Methodist Church at 2898 Highway 78, Julian. Direct all questions and correspondence to: Faith and Living, c/o CUMCJ, PO Box 460, Julian, CA, 92036. (Opinions in this column do not necessarily express the views of Julian News, its editor, or employees.) in 1887. Montgomery recruited other former enslaved people to settle in the wilderness with him, clearing the land and forging a settlement that included several schools, an Andrew Carnegie- funded library, a hospital, three cotton gins, a bank and a sawmill. Mound Bayou still exists today, and is still almost 100 percent Black. Jim Crow Laws in the 20th Century Asthe20thcenturyprogressed, Jim Crow laws flourished within an oppressive society marked by violence. Following World War I, the NAACP noted that lynchings had become so prevalent that it sent investigator Walter White to the South. White had lighter skin and could infiltrate white hate groups. As lynchings increased, so did race riots, with at least 25 across the United States over several months in 1919, a period sometimes referred to as “Red Summer.” In retaliation, white authorities charged Black communities with conspiring to conquer white America. With Jim Crow dominating the landscape, education increasingly under attack and few opportunities for Black college graduates, the Great Migration of the 1920s saw a significant migration of educated Black people out of the South, spurred on by publications like The Chicago Defender, which encouraged Black Americans to move north. Read by millions of Southern Black people, white people attempted to ban the newspaper and threatened violence against any caught reading or distributing it. The poverty of the Great Depression only deepened resentment, with a rise in lynchings, and after World War II, even Black veterans returning home met with segregation and violence. Jim Crow in the North The North was not immune to Jim Crow-like laws. Some states required Black people to own property before they could vote, schools and neighborhoods were segregated, and businesses displayed “Whites Only” signs. In Ohio, segregationist Allen Granbery Thurman ran for governor in 1867 promising to bar Black citizens from voting. After he narrowly lost that political race, Thurman was appointed to the U.S. Senate, where he fought to dissolve Reconstruction- era reforms benefiting African Americans. After World War II, suburban developments in the North and South were created with legal covenants that did not allow Black families, and Black people often found it difficult or impossible to obtain mortgages for homes in certain “red-lined” neighborhoods. When Did Jim Crow Laws End? The post-World War II era saw an increase in civil rights activities in the African American community, with a focus on ensuring that Black citizens were able to vote. This ushered in the civil rights movement, resulting in the removal of Jim Crow laws. In 1948 President Harry Truman ordered integration in the military, and in 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that educational segregation was unconstitutional, bringing to an end the era of “separate-but- equal” education. In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, which legally ended the segregation that had been institutionalized by Jim Crow laws. And in 1965, the Voting Rights Act halted efforts to keep minorities from voting. The Fair Housing Act of 1968, which ended discrimination in renting and selling homes, followed. Jim Crow laws were technically off the books, though that has not always guaranteed full integration or adherence to anti-racism laws throughout the United States. Jim Crow Laws continued from page 1 * * * Faith in God helped blackAmericans endure slavery and Jim Crow. — Jesse Lee Peterson * * *