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Julian , California
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April 23, 2014     The Julian News
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10 The Julian News Dramatic 4 Bedroom, 3.5 Bath, 3300 sq.ft., on 2.5 acres. Custom built and architect designed. Five decks overlooking Volcan Mt., desert and the Julian countryside. A must see! $975,000 Kentwood in the Pines. Single level 3 Bedroom, 2 Bath home with many upgrades and a pellet stove for cozy fall and winter nights. Great buy at $329,000 Large, private, view home on 4 acres. Open floor plan featuring massive Rock fireplace. Detached 3 car garage. $425,000 Fabulous Views. 2 Bedroom, 2 Bath, 2,161 sq.ft, with detached garage with loft. Private on 2/3 of an acre. Reduced to $398,000 Country Home. 3 Bedroom, 3 Bath 1,732 sq.ft, on 4 all usable acres. Great for farming. Well rated at 65 gpm +/-. Gazebo with electricity. Reduced to $540,000 Stunning Two Stow Pine Hills Home. 3 Bedroom, 3 Bath 4814 sq.ft. No expenses spared in this truly luxurious home. Reduced to $742,000 Whispering Pines 4 bedroom/2 bath. Indoor spa, brick fireplace, wood stove in Master bedroom. New paint, gutters, and more. Great buy at $392,000 Neat one bedroom cabin tucked in the trees on a double lot in Kentwood. This is a deal not to pass up! Available to see right now. Only $135,000, Just give us a call. i by Bill Fink Indian Wars Since before its founding America has always been at war. Even before the Revolutionary War, European colonists were involved in anything from [arge- scale war to guerrilla conflict with Native Americans. As far back as 1637 there was the Pequot War in Connecticut where in one battle up to 700 natives after being surrounded at night were burned or shot as they fled their structures. Those that were captured were sold into slavery. The past conventions of warfare in protecting women and children were abandoned and precedent was set in dealing with the "savages" Dozens of conflicts followed as the European spread along the seaboard and moved west. It was the Seven Years War that brought major conflict to the Colonies that involved natives. It was truly the first worldwide conflict. In the colonies many different native nations and tribes fought on opposite sides of the two main protagonists Britain and France. The war was fought between 1754 and 1763. On American soil it was referred to as the French and Indian War. In America the French and British were primarily fighting for control of the Ohio River Valley. The Iroquois ultimately sided with the British. The Algonquin, Abenaki and the Hurons primarily Canadian tribes who had longstanding 'issues with the Iroquois, sided with the French. Near the conclusion of the American conflict the Canadian Nations abandoned the French and signed the Treaty of Kahnawake with the British. The Treaty of Paris 1763 ended the conflict between the French and British with Britain prevailing in most of the world. George Washington saw major action in this war as a British Lieutenant Colonel in a Virginia Regiment. Ofcourse Washington had seen frequent action with and against the Natives prior to this war in the Virginia and Ohio frontiers. During the Revolutionary War many tribes fought with the Americans including the Oneida Tuscarora, Watauga Catawba and Lenape. The IroqUois stuck with the British along with the Onondaga, Mohawk, Cayuga, Seneca and Cherokee. The Treaty of Paris 1783 ended this conflict but two years later the British and Natives were at it again in the Northwest Territories (Ohio region) in the Northwest Indian War. This was an eight- year conflict fought partially under the Presidential leadership of George Washington. In 1811 Tecumseh's War, once again in the Northwest, ultimately morphed into the War of 1812 but essentially ended at the Battle of Tippecanoe. The Americans prevailed, led by William Henry Harrison. Harrison became our ninth president. His nickname Tippecanoe and Vice Presidential nominee John Tyler led to the popular campaign slogan Tippecanoe and Tyler too. Harrison served only 32 days in office succumbing to pneumonia. The Choctaw, Cherokee and Creek allied with the United State during the War of 1812 and the Iroquois (never could pick a winner) Shawnee, Red Sticks, Ojibwa, Chickamaugal Meskwaki, Kickapoo, Lenape, Ming and Miamis among others sided with Britain. A couple of years later the British were still poking and prodding in Florida. Andrew Jackson led the invasion in what is called the First Seminole War. He rid Florida of the Brits and defeated the Seminole as well in a historically murky (date-wise) period of time. The Arikara War of 1823 was a short-lived war beginning as a result of attacks by the Arikara on trapping and trading parties in modern day South Dakota. A relatively small force of 230 cavalry with 750 Sioux defeated the Arikara. Later the Arikaras became scouts and translators when the United States went to war with the Sioux. The Winnebago (Ho-Chunk) War in the Wisconsin area in 1827 was a small affair with the result that the Winnebagos ceded the area of lead mines where they lived and set the precedent of American policy of forcing Natives to move westward. In 1832 Black Hawks, Saulks, along with Ho-Chunk and Patawatomi fought the U.S. Separate bands of Ho- Chunk and Patawatomi along with Menominee and Dakota fought with the U.S. Abraham Lincoln, Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor and Jefferson Davis saw service in the Black Hawk War, which added fervor to the policy of moving Indians off their traditional lands. In 1835 through 1842 the Second Seminole War was fought. They retreated deep into the Everglades after almost being decimated. The Third Seminole War lasted three years and culminated in the surrender of Chief Billy Bowlegs. The Seminoles were forced to reservations in Oklahoma. The suffering and death of so many Seminole and other tribes along the march caused this to be called the "Trail of Tears" The Navajo Wars in Arizona and New Mexico lasted fourteen years between 1849 and 1863. For thirty-six years Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse led the Sioux. From 1854 till 1890 they staged attacks against settlers throughout Wyoming, Minnesota and South Dakota in a battle to keep their hunting grounds The Apache conflict lasted until the start of the twentieth century. In battles in New Mexico, Texas, Arizona and Mexico, Geronimo and Cochise battled the U.S. Cavalry for 39 years beginning in 1861. The Utes did battle with the Mormons in Utah beginning in 1865. As the Mormons pushed into the region their numbers and development caused the Utes to strike back in periodic battles that spanned a 14-year period. During the 1870's there were many conflicts. There was the Modoc War in California and Oregon in 1872. In the Red River war in 1874, Arapaho, Comanche, Cheyenne and Kiowa were defeated by General William T. Sherman of Civil War fame. These were followed by famous encounters in 1876 in Montana. In the battle of Rosebud, Crazy Horse tied up the cavalry that might have saved Custer and his A doomed troopers at the Little Big Horn. In the Nez Perce War in 1877 Chief Joseph led his people through Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Canada in a brilliant, tactical retreat of almost 2,000 miles. He eventually surrendered to end his tribe's suffering. In 1890 at Wounded Knee, South Dakota the Sioux were surrounded and slaughtered by the Army. The battles and wars that I've written about are only a small representation of the conflict that occurred since the moment the European set foot on this continent until the beginning of the twentieth century. The Natives won a share of their battles but could not win the war. They could not defend their way of life against the numbers and mechanization of a society bound and determined to occupy a continent. They had little or no redress in broken treaties. Right or wrong, moral or immoral it seems like an easy call from the historical armchair and perspective in which we judge. An eighteenth or nineteenth century settler would certainly have a different perspective. It seems that few suffered guilt based on the morals and mores of their time. Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Friday Night Dinner this week is a tip of the hat to "Nawlins". The bill-of-fare is sausage with red beans and rice. Cornbread, salad and bread pudding for dessert, round out the meal. The Ladies Auxiliary are the sponsors and hostesses for the evening. Call the Legion at 760 765 0126 for details. ;ates Open 7 Days 7a.m. to Dark Office- M-F 9 to 4 closed Sat & Su, -In her book "Spin sucks: Communication and Reputation Management in the Digital Age," author Gini Dietrich says transparent and honest communication is more effective in today's digital age. Published by Que Publishing, it's available via Amazon, Barnes & Noble, 1-800-CEO-READ and other bookstores. April 23; 2014 Exploring Genealogy As The Acorn Falls by Sherry Wilson Lutes email: genealogyfirst@gmail, corn It's time to get back to the grind stone. I have been slacking off on my genealogy research. The weather has been so nice and the weeds are sooooo tall! I need to organize my time better. I hope that those who got together for Easter shared some of the memories from your 52 Weeks of Personal Genealogy. This could be a great gift at the end of the year. Land Records Land was one of the most important assets of our ancestors. About 90 percent of white males in America prior to 1850 owned land, making land records the most comprehensive, commonly available. Deeds are the first land record you will find, and often predate most other available records. They can help establish a person in particular place and time. Deeds are recorded by the clerk for the locality. They are almost always recorded at the county level. Learn which authority had jurisdiction over the area. Land was granted to encourage enlistments or reward previous military service. Bounty-land records are attractive because they serve a dual roll of locating a person in a time and place and also of military service. Many land records have been microfilmed. Check the catalog at the FamilySearch. org site. Bureau of Land Management - Search Land Patents - www. glorecordslblm.gov Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants - http://Ival.hosted. exlibrisgroup.com/F/?func=file&file_name=find-b-clas30&local_ base=CLAS30 The National Archives and Records Administration has some great applications- http://research.archives.gov/search?expression=bount y+warrants&pg_src=brief&data-source=online Next column - Ghost Counties 52 Weeks of Personal Genealogy (Each week I will be giving you a prompt that will invite you to record memories and insights about your own life for future descendants (52 weeks of Personal Genealogy). write down your memories on your computer, in your journal or start a new journal.) Week 16. Restaurants. What was your favorite local restaurant as a child? Where was it located, and what was your favorite meal? Did you know the staff personally? What is your favorite restaurant now? Last week -Week 15. Sports. Did you have a favorite sports team as a child? If so, which one and why. Did your parents follow the same teams? Do you still support the same teams? Taken from "52 Weeks of Personal Genealogy and Family History" by Amy Coffin. Amy's blog is located at http://wetree.b/ogpost.com Sa ...... 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