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July 20, 2011     The Julian News
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12 The Julian News EARTH Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear . Earth Talk: Can earthquake energy be harnessed for power, particularly in places like Japan? Also, how can Japan, so vulnerable to earthquakes, even have nuclear power? -- Sasha M., Australia While it is no doubt theoretically possible to generate electricity by harnessing the kinetic energy of shifting tectonic plates below the Earth's crust, pulling it off from a practical standpoint would be a real logistical challenge--not to mention prohibitively expensive compared to harnessing other forms of energy, renewable or otherwise. Big earthquakes throw off vast amounts of energy. According to Beth Buczynski of the CrispGreen website, researchers have calculated that the January 2010 magnitude 7.0 earthquake that killed upwards of 220,000 people in Haiti released as much energy as 31 of the atomic bombs the U.S. dropped on Hiroshima in 1945. And the magnitude 9.0 earthquake that struck northeast Japan in March 2011 unleashed the equivalent of more than 15,000 Hiroshima bombs. That's a lot of energy indeed. "The total energy from an earthquake includes energy required to create new cracks in rock, energy dissipated as heat through friction, and energy elastically radiated through the earth," reports the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Hazards Program. "Of these, the only quantity that can be measured is that which is radiated through the earth." Likewise, only this radiated energy--which is what shakes buildings and is recorded by seismographs-- could be harnessed given the dedication of enough resources and the proper implementation of the right technologies. Just how to harness tectonic energy is the big question. One way would involve stringing quartz crystals, which can transfer electricity via piezoelectricity, underground along known fault lines. When tectonic plates shift, the crystals could transfer the energy they pick up to a grid-connected storage medium for later use, But this is hardly practical, for one because earthquakes rarely happen in a predictable manner let alone in the exact spots where energy harvesters would have set up their gear. Also, fault lines tend to run deep below the Earth's surface, so laying down a network of quartz crystals would involve mining out shafts and Big earthquakes throw off vast amounts of energy, but fault lines run deep below the Earth's surface, so tapping into that energy would be a challenge way beyond what humans -- at least at present -- have the technological capability to achieve. Pictured: Port au Prince in the aftermath of the earthquake that rocked Haiti in January 2010. Photo Marco Dormino/ United Nations Development Programme connecting them underground on a scale way beyond what humans have done to the present. Regarding why Japan is so reliant on nuclear power despite the tectonic risks is a matter of economics. Lacking the rich oil, coal and other energy reserves of many other nations, Japan relies on nuclear power for some 30 percent of its electricity. Prior to the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami, Japan was gearing up to boost its nuclear power reserves to account for half of its electricity needs by 2030. This increased reliance on nuclear power was set to play a big part in the country's rollback of greenhouse gas emissions. Prior to the earthquake and tsunami, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency had modeled a 54 percent reduction in carbon dioxide emissions from 2000 levels by 2050, and a 90 percent reduction by 2100, with nuclear energy accounting for upwards of 60 percent of the country's total energy mix. Now it looks like the country may scale back its nuclear expansion plans, which in the short term will only increase its reliance on fossil fuels which will in turn drastically limit Japan's ambitious plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Of course, one would hope that turning away from nuclear expansion would spur the growth of alternatives such as wind power and other forms of renewable energy. CONTACTS: CrispGreen, www.crispgreen.com; U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Hazards Program, www. earthquake.usgs.gov. EarthTalkฎ is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E - The Environmental Magazine ( www.emagazine.com). Send questions to: earthtalk@emagazine. com. Subscribe: www.emagazine. corn/subscribe. Free Trial Issue: www. emagazine, corn/triaL The sentence "The q uick brown fox jumps over a lazy dog" uses every letter of the alphabet! Recycle Your Rain To Go Green And VV[ Save Green. = (NAPSA) - You may no longer want to say "Rain, rain, go away" when you have a solar-powered rain barrel pump. Homeowners today are looking for ways to protect the environment and be more eco- conscious. Better utilizing one of our most precious resources, water, is at the top of the list. Fortunately, there are new and easy ways to save on water usage by recycling rain. A growing number of homeowners are realizing that it doesn't make sense to pay for water to care for your garden when you can simply collect water in a rain barrel. Consider this: One inch of rain over 1,000 square feet of area yields 623 gallons. One inch per hour of rainfall yields about 10 gallons per minute per 1,000 square feet. So it doesn't take long to fill a few rain barrels with water. But once you've captured all that rain, how do you get it out SO you can use it? With an eco- friendly pump system, you can easily run a hose or sprinkler from your rain barrel and power the water out. Systems like the RainPerfect(tm) pump from Rule(r) help in two ways-by harvesting rain and using the power of the sun. Since solar energy powers the rechargeable NiMH battery, there's no need for an electrical outlet. The pump and solar panel install _easily and provide enough pressure through an ordinary garden hose to run most low pressure sprinklers, for keeping the garden green, washing a car or watering just about anything around the house. Since water usage can increase during warm weather by as much as 30 percent from lawn, flower and vegetable garden watering, it's a perfect way to go green and save green at the same time! Increasingly, these environmentally friendly efforts are being rewarded. Many states now mandate rainwater usage, your rain barrel may qualify you for a rebate. Even if it doesn't * LOW Profile- 30 ft tall * 20 db at 40 ft * Rated 1.2 Kw (TbO) 767-5662 New Pink 1. Since the last Triple Crown winner (1967), how many major- league baseball players have led a league in batting average and RBIs for a season? 2. How many seasons did Babe Ruth end up with more runs scored than games played (minimum of 140 games)? 3. How many college football teams was Paul "Bear" Bryant the head coach of in his career? 4. Who was the last repeat winner before Toronto's Jose Calderon (2007-09) in assist/ you will save money buy not usig your well water or water from your water district for lanscape watering. The RainPerfect pump is available online and through select retailers. For a free tips booklet and more information, visit www.rainperfectpump.com/ freegift. July 20, 2011 @ Double H Windpower Ppae 760-79 7079 Se.ottM === ::, II .... turnover ratio for a season? 5. Name the NHL player who holds the record for best plus- minus mark for a season. 6. Who is both the youngest (16) and the oldest (38) woman to score a goal for USA Soccer? 7. When was the last time a horse in the No. 1 post position at the Kentucky Derby won the race? answers on page 14 The gambler and gun fighter Dec Holliday received the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery from the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery in 1872, Fabricator of Fine Stone Products "We put our heart in every Project ... ... And our hands on every Piece/ Mark Daughtry Shop *,.er/Desig.er/Cftsm. 760 765 3600 License # 788910 cell: 760 415 5973 --lUl.llol;Jl'Eol;Al-J>--,]:s,]:qm,[e --o|o|o]:t;iAVllnmxolvlvi; TM-:llll:[qlll:l[]'l _l:l:lVlEq m'lr:l=lml,A, lelelml;ll[ole]:il[;-- CONTRACTORS • GRAD NG • PAINT NG • REMODELING • SEPT C SYSTEMS • TILE WORK • WATER SYSTEMS • WELL DR LL NG • IMPORTANT NOTICE California Business and Professions Code Section 7027 et sec requires that any adverlisement by a licensed contractor include the contractors license number Section 7027,2 says that unlicensed persons whose work qualities under the minor work exemption, less than $300 including material and labor, may advertise, provided that he or she state in the advertisement that they are not licensed. The California Contractors State License Board publishes a free booklet, "What You Should Know Before You Hire A Contractor." For tree information call: I-BQO-321-CSLB(2752). General Contractor General Contractor Over 35 Years Experience Lawrence Noble, Owner Julian Resident for 27 years State Lic. 602654 Electrical Gus Garcia "s I] ]XWater Well Electrical IV,v New Meters I  VNew Panels m JVAdditional Circuits Fans & Lighting Ph• 765 3410 cell (760) 271 0 ! 66 License # 678670 i i Carpet/Flooring 0000000000000000000000000000000 • ".... "IF/-OORCO,VER/ffGIb . W B'I UVki • : New Construction _  ,= , Room Additions • " 'E +:-: ........ ' • r l.= / ,, . Decks ; Please Compare Our Prices & Serv ce CARPET • k  :, • • Over 35 Years of Professional Quality  ,_IJNCTALL|D: • Remodels • Installati0ns]hr0ugh0ut San Diego County - ----- • • • + :S5  • • er ft. 50 •765.236 oJulnan Interiors, Inc. .... . P• Box 1342 • ")'lt'l.')'lJml ll'lJ Highway 78 in Wynola • JULIAN, CA 92036 ee • • "; :yO Jp. : et'J• • • • • " " • " .Sta;eLig. N;.5:15g : 760 • 765" 2363 Remodeling Contractor McCONNELL l"rl CONSTRUCTION i \\;L il j'&HANDYMANSERVICE :i  25 Years Experience JelR McConnell Lici# 670823 Remodeling & Repairs or too Small 760 • 765 • 4827 www.JulianContractor.com Call - Burt Huff ! For 30 years I have been taking care of San Diego and the backcountry's water problems. big or small. Bad taste, odor, hard water, iron ... no mater what your water problem I can guarantee the highest quality products at the best price. . • WE REPAIR ALL MAKES & MODELS • www.haguewatersandiego.com ,.+o,o = SALES • SERVICE Residential & Commercial Water Treatment Systems- Water Testing License No. 415453 n Concrete - Foundations. Retaining Walls I00IOK FOWLI;E ข0N$TEU00ION, INC. ............ " YZ04"9 +?+s ............... + ++ + +++++,2 + • IIs. Contractor / General Contracting ii I/ License #640628 - Bonded & Insured I[ //" Kitchen Specialist I[ • Remodels II • Home Services: II Carpentry, Plumbing, II Electrical, Appliance fl Installation, Bobcat work II 760 765 0658]J Pumps/Well Painting Painting Contractor Lic. 702741 • Submersible Pumps • Booster Pumps • Storage Tanks • Ozone Water Treatment New Iettelletieet # #etHIi Drilling Complete Water California Contractor Systems uc # 455e Sales & Repair "Your Complete Water Systems Company Since 1981" Exterior/Interior S Reliable - Over 20 Years Experience Fully Licensed and Bonded Power Washing Free Estimates • No Deposit Required - Ever Lic # 792234 Serving All of San Diego County 760 504 1414 765-1246 " 789-9976 P. O. Box 1719, Julian, CA 92036 DENNIS WINSHIP Fully Licensed PAINTI% and Insured License #459575 P.O. Box 632 Julian, CA 92036 [(760) 765-0265 HEATI SALES SE INSTALLATION FREE ESTIMATES / CONSULTATIONS Michael Rossmiller Locally Owned L,c. 962286 760 765 0090 &Operated www.eagleaire.net General Engmeering EXCAVATING • GRADING • ROAD BUILDING • CUSTOM HOME PADS. PONDS DRAINAGE PRoBLEMS RIP-RAP & PLACEMENT AG PREP WORK / SCS WATER & SOIL CONSERVATION PROJECTS (760) 789-2630 / Mike @ McDonaldWestern.com Excavation I Site Work Bull Dozer Services Work] 1760-749-17821 Clearing, Grading, Roads $83/hour No Move In Charges Larry Herman License - 938OOl-A Bobcat • Demolition BOBCAT WORK • DEMOLITION • JERRY COZENS & JUSTIN COZENS (760) 765-2589 (760) 803-3749 License # 439493 € ; • i "