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Julian , California
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September 1, 2010     The Julian News
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Cuyamar Valley, i Mt. Lagu  Summit, War  la. Volume 26 - Issue 3 Wednesday September 1, 2010 ISSN 1937-8416 Julian, CA. There's Bugs In The Trees Oak Forests At Risk by Bret A. Hutchinson ISA Certified Arborist WE-8692A This is the first of a 2part series of articles describing the current Oak Tree infestations affecting the back country. Bret Huthinson has produced this paper after 4 years of field observations, hundreds of tree dissections and thorough research. Many different beetles and fungus with distinctly different timing, location, and mode of damage exist in the forest. He believes it is the duty of professionals in the field to present non-bias complete information. That said; this information is intended to help the general population understand the "Big Picture" as it pertains to private and public oak forests. He would like to thank Dr. Tom Scott from UC Riverside for his motivation and guidanee during the last year Dr. Scott has taken the time, which he has very little of to review this document for accuracy. Bret would also like to thank his clients who allowed access to their dead and dying trees so this private research could take place. Weakened by years of drought and forest fires, southern California oak forests have been under heavy attack by beetles and fungus. High populations of two beetles, the Western Oak Bark Beetle (P. pubipennis) and the Gold Spotted Oak Borer (A. coxalis), are having devastating effects on Coast Live Oaks (Q. agrifolia), Black Oaks (Q. kelloggii), and Canyon Live Oaks (Q. chrysolepis). Multiple species of fungus are introduced by these beetles into oak trees causing rapid decay of the bark, cambium and sapwood. Early, unpredicted structural failure pose a risk to life and property, especially during significant weather events, and tree removal activities. Early recognition of beetle activity and prompt action can help property owners to stay ahead of a full forest infestation. Proper treatment of beetle infested wood products is critical in controlling the spread of active pathogens outside of an affected area. Similarly, maintaining good overall forest health is important for keeping beetle populations under control and tree mortality at a minimum. Beetle attack of oak trees is not a new problem in California. Dendrochronologic studies have shown bark borers and various other beetles have been attacking weak trees in southern Cafifornia for many years. The cycles of beetle attacks and fungus are mother natures way of thinning weak trees and recycling organic matter. At times, however, high beetle populations can hit an area with devastating results, wiping out entire hillsides and leaving massive fire hazards. Natural reforestation of these areas can take hundreds of years. Therefore, property owners need to understand the "Bigger Picture" and how they can preserve their oak forests. WESTERN OAK BARK BEETLE The Western Oak Bark Beetle (WOBB), as the name implies, is found all over the west. Large populations of WOBB have been in San Diego County since 2002 or before. The WOBB is a 2 mm long, black or dark brown, cylindrical bark borer with club antennae. Adult beetles bore through the bark of the host tree, and into the cambium zone (the nutritious layer of dividing tissue between bark and sapwood). Once there, a female lays up to 20 eggs in a small egg chamber. As the beetles excavate chambers, they also deposit fungal spores which grow and begin to digest cambium tissue around the egg chamber. Upon hatching, the WOBB grubs have a nutritious food source awaiting them. The hyphae from this fungus spreads in a radial direction into the xylem, and longitudinally through the cambium. Xylem penetrating hyphae clog and break down the tissues the tree uses to move water, further weakening the tree. Freshly hatched WOBB grubs travel side by side longitudinally and consume everything of nutritional value in the cambium zone. Population densities of adult beetles and their grubs in the cambium can be as high as 25 per square inch! Space and moisture content seem to be the only limit to grub development. Early attack of WOBB occurs in the upper canopy and is evident by sporadic flagging, (small dead clumps of leaves over the entire tree). Depending on the severity of the infestation and the trees health, some trees can survive for years after the initial attack. Signs of major infestation include crown thinning, multiple 1 mm bore holes on branches, loss of vigor, large dead portions, bird feeding damage on upper branches, and dark wet lesions on the outer bark which ooze from 1 mm diameter borings. Seemingly healthy black oaks will turn fall color early (August or September). These trees are usually fully infested with WOBB and will not leaf out the next spring. Coast live oaks and canyon live oaks have a similar fate, at the moment these trees turn brown, the populations of WOBB and brood are at their highest. The short life cycle of these beetles continued on page 9 Julian Arts Guild Labor Day Show "All That Glitters ..." The Julian Arts Guild's annual Labor Day Show will be held at the Town Halll September 4 through 7 from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. The theme, "All That Glitters..." describes a sparkling display of painting, jewelry, glass art and other items designed to ensure a veritable gold rush of visitors. In keeping with most of the events in this small town, the show is organized and run by local artists. Various artists will be available throughout the show to discuss their works and talk with visitors about the arts in Julian. Visitors are also asked to vote for their favorite picture. No prizes are doled out to the winner but a fair amount of satisfaction comes with each vote. Friday evening there will be a reception with refreshments for the artists at 5. This is open to the public and is a good chance to pair a particular work with its creator. All works on display are for sale and admission is free. J,ulian Community Services District Stimulus Proiect Completed A Vacation's Worth of Paperwork pays off It's firnally finished. The Payson Drive/Lot A Road Water Main Re;placement Project that began in 2000 was completed by the Julia=n Community Services District o,n March 30, 2010. On Friday, August 20, the District received it's Certification of Completion and ARRA Grant funds from the California Department of Public Health for the replacement of the final 2,800 feet of World War 2 surplus 2" steel pipe that was feeding the extreme western end of the District and Lot A Road in the Julian Pines subdivision. Four additional fire hydrants were also installed along the new main for increased fire protection. With the assistance of a federal Department of Housing and Urban Development Community Development Block Grant in 2001 and 200p3, the District replaced the first 2,000 feet 6" C900 water main replacing the existing 50+ year old surplus water main and installed three fire hydrants where there were none. The District also contributed funds for these two projects. County Supervisor Dianne Jacob and JCFPD Fire Chief Kevin Dubler were instrumental in helping the District get it's first CDBG money. The District utilized it's own funds for the next two phases of construction, the completion of the Payson Drive water main and replacing the water main in Lot A Road. That work was completed in 2007. Arrieta Construction of El Cajon was awarded the construction contract for the last phase of the project and completed it by the end of this past March, two months early. Patrick Engineering prepared the Project plans and was the District's Engineer of Record and Julian Materials provided sand for the project With the completion of this project, the District has replaced 6,500 feet of antique, corroded steel pipe, replaced 34 residential water services and added 8 fire hydrants to the west end of the District. The announcement of ARRA funding availability in early 2009 led to a 10-month project application and review process. In late November, the District was awarded funds for two of the three grants it applied for. Of the six ARRA water infrastructure grants funded for San Diego County, JCSD was awarded $275,000 for the Payson Drive/ Lot A Road project and $125,000 for the re-drilling of the collapsed Well 6. A small water district in Central California was found to be in greater need of the $125,000 well grant and JCSD's well drilling grant was diverted there. The State then allowed the JCSD to transfer it's request for funding to a low interest State Revolving Fund loan. The final details of the loan and repayment schedule are being arranged for that funding as this goes to press. The re- drilling and re-equipping of Well 6 should be complete by next summer. The District is also working with the United States Department of Agriculture, through the Rural Communities Assistance Corporation for funding of the replacement of the last old 3" steel water line that provides water to Ray Redding High School and the Julian CALFIRE Station 50. This project would install a 6" water main from Porter Lane and Main Street out to Ray Redding along Highway 78. This project would also place a 200,000 gallon water tank at the top of the District's property on Apple Lane, increasing the District's storage capacity by 33%. The District anticipates the start of this project by the end of next summer. Julian News O PO Box 639 Julian, CA. 92036 Change Service Requested ,.-.-o-,..11 00BII[ Permit No. 30 III Julian, CA Jil Ihh,h,h,,,ll,,ll,,ll,,,,,ll,,hllh,,h,h,,hhlh,,h,II Small Town Papers TrN 5026 California Ave SW Seattle WA 98136-1208 Music On The Mountain September 7- Singer/Songwriter Gregory Page by Perry Savage Gregory Page is a modern day crooner. He sings and dresses like he could be the front man for any big band playing the Cocoanut Grove Ballroom in 1939. He's a throwback to a more innocent time, before songs like "I've Got a Crush on You" were replaced by songs with titles like 'Tm Gonna Crush You". To attend a Gregory Page concert is to take a trip in the way-back machine, being dropped off in the middle of Nostalgiaville. Good feelings are everywhere, smiles and sighs are rampant and all cares are checked at the door. Gregory delivers songs like the famous crooners of a bygone era - AI Bowlly, Hoagy Carmichael, Cole Porter and Fats Waller. regarded member of the San Diego music scene. He was a Iongtime member of "The Rugburns", a local mainstay band started in the early 90's by Steve Poltz. A prolific artist, Gregory has 19 albums to his credit; his newest, "Once And For All" was produced this year by Jason Mraz. Visiting Gregory Page's website (www.gregorypage.com) is an interesting treat. His home page lists four vocations: "Songwriter, Jazz Musician, Filmmaker, Astronaut". Astronaut? "When I was a kid, I tormented my mom about becoming an astronaut", Page recalls. As a child in grade school, he watched man's first steps on the moon on Gregory Page will appear at The Julian Library September 7th And his Make-Believe Orchestra sounds great - as superb as they did back in the 30's and 40's. "Gregory Page and His Make- Believe Orchestra" will perform at The Julian Branch Library Tuesday, September 7, 2010 at 6:00 PM. The event is part of the popular "Music on the Mountain" concert series. The concert is free to the public and refreshments will be served. A free raffle will send one lucky member of the audience home with Gregory Page's latest CD, "One & For All". Like all crooners, Mr. Page owes his style to one of the most important technical advances to music in the last one hundred years. That is the microphone, which arrived on the scene in the mid 1920's. Prior to its invention, singers had to rely on pure vocal strength to project their voices over the big bands and orchestras of the day. When the microphone came along, vocalists learned they could engage their audiences in much more intimate ways. Nuance took the place of sheer vocal power. Words like "sultry", "smooth", "snappy" and "flirtatious" redefined the popular singers of the day and the term "crooner" was born. Gregory Page is a modern-day torch bearer of that genre. But what is a crooner without a big band to back him up? Big bands were a product of their extravagant times and have gone the way of vinyl record albums and eight-track tape players. What then is a contemporary crooner like Gregory Page to do? Simple - you rely upon modern digital technology to deliver your Big Band from the past. Gregory and Lou Curtiss, the owner of Folk Arts Rare Records took antiquated vinyl recordings of famous big bands from bygone decades and digitally removed the vocalists, preserving the orchestral sound of the instruments. Through the miracle of digitization, the vintage sounds were preserved and his backup band -"Gregory Page's Make Believe Orchestra" was born, sounding as sharp as they did back in The Day. For the last twenty years, Gregory has been a well- live television; after that, he knew he wanted to be an astronaut. Page poured over books and magazines learning all he could to reach his aspiration. Perhaps he would have reached is lofty. goal, had he not been nearly blind from birth without glasses. However, he did getto realize part of this dream. Through a friend, he was able to get one of his original compositions played on a Space Shuttle mission. Upon returning to Earth, astronaut George Hayes gave Page a pin from the flight. To Page, it was the next best thing to being there. Like many successful musicians, Gregory Page has musical parents. He was born in London to an Armenian father and an Irish mother, both professional musicians. His mother played in one of England's first all- girl rock bands. Page's parents met in the Middle East while they were on tour with their respective bands. From the start, music was in Page's blood. He showed little interest in academics. Besides the time he spent wanting to be an astronaut, music was his one big motivator. He chose to study music formally in college. "It has taken years to unlearn what I was taught", he quips. After college, he learned the hard lesson that money and music don't always mix, leading him to get a series of "real jobs". "1 worked at a job where I made good money, but you have to follow your heart, and my heart was in songwriting and performing music", Page explains Inspired by great jazz singers like AI Bowlly, Louis Armstrong, Harold Arlen and Cole Porter, Page has rigorously studied their music and proudly made a name for himself as one of the great local jazz musicians and crooners. Thousands of hours and hard work practicing, performing, writing music and recording songs have paid off, keeping Page in constant demand. Join us at the Julian Branch Library, 1850 Highway 78, next to the Julian High School. For questions about this or other programs, call the library at 760- 765-0370. Wednesday, September 21 8am Julian Pie Company 2225 Main Street lil i