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September 24, 2014     The Julian News
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CUSTOM HOMES • DECK NG DOORS & W NDOWS • ELECTR CAL SERV CE HARDWOOD FLOOR NG 12 The Julian News EARTH TALK00o Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: How is it that some food purveyors are contributing to the destruction of tropical rainforests by ditching unhealthy "trans fats?" -- Billy S., Salem, OR Most public health advocates applaud efforts by processed food producers, restaurants and fast food chains to get rid of so-called "trans fats"--partially hydrogenated oils added to foods to improve texture and extend shelf life but which can aggravate heart disease• In 2013 the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) proposed eliminating trans fats altogether, but it is unclear if and when such a change will take effect. In anticipation, many big trans fat buyers have switched to palm oil, much of which comes from former tropical rainforest lands cleared for agricultural production across Southeast Asia. "The concern is that a lot of companies will switch to palm oil in order to reduce trans fats without thinking more broadly about the health and environmental implications of that," says Bill Barclay, Policy and Research Director at the non-profit Rainforest Action Network(RAN). Palm oil may be a good substitute for trans fats in that it stays solid at room temperature and is therefore Useful as a food additive in things like snack bars. But it isn't much healthier:• A 2009 study by the federal Agricultural Research Service found that palm oil "would not be a good substitute for trans fats by. the food industry" because consuming either type of fat results in similar spikes in artery- clogging LDL ("bad") cholesterol and a protein (apolipoprotein B) that distributes it throughout the bloodstream. Meanwhile, the explosion in palm oil use over the past few decades for biofuels and as a food ingredient and additive has wreaked havoc on tropical rainforest ecosystems across Southeast Asia. Environmental leaders are concerned that even more demand for palm oil could push some endangered species--including orangutans, Sumatran tigers and pygmy elephants--over the brink. "They're losing critical habitat that threatens their survival and that's largely driven by palm oil expansion," says RAN's Barclay. Higher carbon emissions are another down side.. According to the Union of Concerned ScientiSts (UCS), the tropical peat soils that predominate in Southeast Asia rainforests store huge amounts of carbon. Clearing and draining these fields to create palm oil plantations releases this carbon into the atmosphere• Green groups continue to work with palm oil producers and the governments that regulate them to promote more sustainable production and processing and toughen standards for conversion of land to agricultural use, but progress has been slow. A recent commitment by.five of the world's largest producers and traders • of palm oil to stop clearing"critical forest areas" for one year during a study is a step in the right direction, but there's no telling whether other producers will step up their own expansion •efforts to fill the void, let alone what kind of ramped up production will happen when the study is complete. And while food scientists are working on other alternatives to trans fats that could be greener JUL ALT Lic: #995342 • Grading • Paving • Culverts & Drains •Wheel Stop & Road Markers www.j ulianasphalt.com (619)201-2361 mrsimser@gmail.com • o illlililliIllIiI • Seal Coating • Sign Installation • Striping • Thermoplastic and healthier, none are as a cheap-to-produce and easy-to- process as palm oil, at least for applications requiring a food product to sit on store shelves at room temperature. The best thing we as consumers can do to keep our arteries and our consciences clear is to dial back our consumption of foods that include palm oil or any other trans fat alternatives• Indeed, there's never been a better time to put down those packaged baked goods and processed snacks altogether• CONTACTS: FDA, www.fda.gov/ Food/ucm292278.htm; RAN, www. ran•org; UCS, www•ucsusa.org• EarthTalk® iswritten and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a.registered trademark of E - The Environmental Magazine (www. emagazine.com). Send questions to: earthtalk@emagazine.com. Ask Pastor Rick Religion In The News Mormons Put Historical Treasures On Display The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is putting some of its most treasured artifacts on display for the first time in a new exhibit in Salt Lake City. The collection includes 26 books, manuscripts and documents that go back to the early days of Mormonism, founded in 1830. The. exhibit at the church's history library includes the original .manuscript of the Book of Mormon, a copy of the Book of Commandments, and church founder Joseph Smith's journal from 1832 to 1834. Church historians unveiled the exhibit during a news conference. Only a year ago, the church released a book of historical documents that shed light on how Smith formed the church in upstate New York. Source: AP, summarized by Pastor Rick Ask Pastor Rick What is liberation theology? Liberation theology represents a movement, largely in Latin Americ and among Roman Catholics, that focuses on liberation from social oppression and injustice. Generally speaking, those who follow liberation theology insist the gospel must " speak as to how social liberation can be brought about. Among the many Scriptures they hold dear is a quote of Jesus, which states, "The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor, He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed" [Luke 4:18]• A classic work on the subject of liberation theology is, A Theology of Liberation [1971], by Gustavo Gutirrez [born1928 in Lima, Peru]. While many find it to be a vital approach to social action, some see liberation theology as Christianized Marxism• Rick Hill is the Senior Pastor at Hillside Church on 3rd and C Streets in Julian, CA. Direct all questions and correspondence to: PastorRick@ julianchurch.org or Hillside Church, Religion In The News, Box 973, Julian, CA, 92036. (Opinions in this column do not necessarily express the views of Julian News, its editor, or employees.) Whenever women struggle with breast cancer and face better care than ever, that's feminism. -- bell hooks These chubby amphibians can be large, sometimes growing to 4 or 5 inches, q-hey are usually brown, brick-red or olive- colored, with patterns of lighter colors, brown spots and bumps on their bodies. They are found iust about anywhere The American Toad there is moisture and good cover. "\\; -. S---? They are mostly active at night, eating ! € insects, spiders, worms, snails, and y slugs - )ust about anything that fits  in their mouths. They lash out with ., long sticky tongues to grab prey. " ,"(-' ..... Source: www.fcps.edu © 2014 by King Features Syndicate, Inc. World rights reserved. September 24, 2014 PETS OF THE WEEK Jazzy zs a spayed 4 year old Terrier Mix who weighs 121bs. She is a bit overwhelmed at the shelter and would do best in a calm, stable home. Jazzy gets along with other dogs and would love to have playmates who can help build her confidence• Once she warms up to you she enjoys being petted and brushed. Meet this sweet gal by asking for ID#A1604577 Tag#C977. Jazzy can be adopted for $69. .Hazel is a3 year old spayed Torbie who weighs 101bs. She is a friendly and sociable cat with a playful personality who also simply enjoys chilling with her humans. Hazel will give you little licks on your hand when she wants more pettings. SHe will make a wonderful companion for any household• Meet Hazel by asking for ID#A1583902 Tag#CT29. She can be adopted for $58. All adoption fees include vaccinations, spaying/neutering (upon adoption), a microchip and free Vet visit• Dog fees also include a 1 year license. Jazzy and Hazel are at our Central County Shelter, 5480 Gaines Street, San Diego • The Shelter hours are 9:30AM to 5:30PM, Tuesday through Saturday or visit www.sddac.com for more information. As The Acorn Falls continued from page 7 as a search for African American families. The majority of African Americans are descendants of the 400,000 black Africans brought to North America to serve as slaves in the 18th and 19th centuries• Since slaves had no legal rights, they are often not found in many of the traditional record sources available for that period• Treat your search for your African-Arner[can IMPORTANT NOTICE California Business and Prolessions Code Section 7027, et see. requires that any advertisement by a licensed contractor include the contraclors license number. Section 7027.2 says that unlicensed persons whose work qualilies under the minor work exemption, less than $300 including malerial and labor, may advertise, provided that he or she state in the advertisement that they are not licensed. The California Contractors State License Board publishes a free booklet, "What You Should Know Betore You Hire A Contractor." For free information call: 1-800-321-CSLB(2752), roots just as you would any other genealogical research project - start with What you know and methodically take your research back step-by-step. 1. Family stories 2. Trace back to 1870 (post Civil War) 3. Identify slave owners 4. Research potential slave owners 5. Learn about the slave trade 6. Research the Caribbean. For a much greater con(inued on page 13 CONTRACTORS General Contractor Painting t, /G/n;alC°ntraNewConstructio n t 7'#'41€/",, Room Additions jL : r ] :7 , "/! \\;" Decks Over 35 Years Experience 760 765 2363 Lawrence Noble, Owner PO Box 1342 J, Julian Resident for 27 years State Lic.602654 JULIAN, CA 92036 Furnace - AC Repair & Service I [Quality Heatin''dr.i Conditioning4 I I .# , Military & 1st Responder discount ' I Commercial Keep Your $$ on.the Mountain I Residential. ...... Support Your Local Small Businesses I Interzor * Zxterzor V/n 1619)301 I P.O. 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