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Julian , California
October 18, 2017     The Julian News
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October 18, 2017

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10 The Julian News Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: You hear a lot about greener cars these days, but what about airplanes? -- John Caldwell, Lorton, VA While it may be the fastest and most convenient way to go long distances, air travel remains the most environmentally-unfriendly mode in our mix of transportation options. Airplanes require massive amounts of petroleum- based fuel that deposits greenhouse gas emissions directly into the atmosphere (where they're two to four times more potent in causing global warming than equivalent ground- level emissions). The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports that aviation is responsible for some 3.5 percent of human- caused global warming to date and expects that figure to grow to somewhere in the five to 15 percent range by 2050 if we don't take action soon to curb emissions. Fortunately, the aviation industry hasn't been hiding its head in the sand. New planes coming off assembly lines at Boeing and Airbus, the world's two biggest jet manufacturers, are about 15 percent more efficient than previous models. Deploying next generation engines that can produce more thrust with less fuel is one way in which airplane makers are boosting efficiency. Another is through the use of lighter materials, with carbon fiber replacing metal in many applications and 3D printing of lightweight titanium parts taking the place of forged or machined aluminum. Better design is also contributing to the optimization of fuel efficiency. One example is the winglet, a small vertical projection retrofitted on the tip of the wing that can cut emissions some six percent by reducing drag. Less than 20 percent of the world's jets have them now; spreading the technology widely could significantly boost the overall fuel efficiency of aviation. We can expect to see even more dramatic gains when so- called blended wing-body (BWB) designs go mainstream. Thanks to their broader wings and the resulting higher "lift-to-drag" ratio, these futuristic planes are significantly more aerodynamic than conventional jets. The Air Transport Action Group (ATAG), a non-profit focusing on sustainable development in aviation, reports that these BWB- design planes can go as far and as fast as conventional jets on 75 percent of the fuel. But don't hold your breath: Researchers don't expect BWB planes to be ready for commercial use for another two decades. There is also considerable R&D going into greening the fuel side of the equation. Illinois-based General Biomass, for instance, is developing carbon-neutral jet fuel formulations derived from the seed oil of ~jatropha and camelina plants. And Texas's Neste is a leader in developing "recycled jet fuel" made from the residue of used.diesel fuel. And as in the auto industry before it, aviation is now abuzz with talk of hybrid-electric and all-electric planes. Seattle-based Zunum Aero plans to have a prototype of its hybrid-electric Environmental&ts are optim&tic that new designs and tedhnologies -- like this hyper-efficient Blended Wing-Body (BWB) design plane that recently emerged from a joint effort between NASA and Boeing -- could significantly reduce aviation's huge carbon footprint and environmental impact. Credit: UC Irvine, FlickrCC. 19-seater commuter plane ready for test flights by 2020, and hopes to start supplying airlines soon thereafter with commercial- grade models. Meanwhile, Silicon Valley's Wright Electric is collaborating with Europe's easy Jet in developing a new battery-powered aircraft designed for short hop commuter routes. These new all-electric planes, which should be ready for prime time within a decade, will be 10 percent cheaper for airlines to buy and operate than traditional jets--and without the emissions stigma. CONTACTS: IPCC, ipcc.ch; Boeing, boeing.com; Airbus, airbus. com; ATAG, atag.org; General Biomass, generalbiomass.com; Neste, neste.com; Zunum Aero, zunum.aero; Wright Electric, weflywright.com; easy Jet, easyjet. com. EarthTalk is produced by noddy Scheer & Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of the nonprofit Earth Action Network. To donate, visit www.earthtalk.org. Send questions to: question@earthtalk. org. Great Shake-Out continued from page 1 information to play during your drill by downloading recordings from www.ShakeOut.org/ resources. DURING the Drill 1. Via the public announcement (PA) system, email, cell phone/ text message, or verbal direction: Announce that the earthquake drill has begun and to Drop, Cover, and Hold On. (Optional) Play the audio recording (see above) on your PA or, alternatively, play it on a computer in each office. Suggest that while down on the floor, employees look around at what would be falling on them in a real earthquake. These items should be secured or moved after the drill. 2. After at least one minute, announce that the shaking is over and that employees can stand up again. Thank them for participating. 3. Encourage employees to discuss their experiences with one another. AFTER the Drill 1. Ask for feedback on how the drill went. 2. Schedule the next drill for one year later (or sooner if employees need to practice). 3. If you participated in a ShakeOut drill, complete a post-ShakeOut survey if one is available on your ShakeOut region's website. 4. Share photos and stories at www.ShakeOut.org. 5. Review "7 Steps to an Earthquake Resilient Workplace" for additional ideas, available at www.earthquakecountry.org/ booklets. 6. Encourage employees to prepare at home using the 7 Steps to Earthquake Safety from "Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country" (see www. earthquakecountry.org/ sevensteps). Through Girl Scouts:. girls learn to face challenges head-on, embrace failure as a learning opportunity, create lasting relationships, and find dynamic solutions to social issues - all while building the skills and courage they need to take the lead every day and empower themselves for life. To join or volunteer, visit www.girlscouts.org/join. The veterinarian-formulated, natural way to deter dogs from eating cat stools is to give both animals tasty NaturVet Outta My Box soft chews from Garmon Corporation. Learn more at www. naturvet.com and (888) 628-8783. October 18, 2017 Lucky is an eight year old neutered Border Collie Mix who weighs 401bs. Tired of throwing the ball only to realize you must retrieve it yourself? Lucky is here to help! He loves to play fetch and when he's tired, he simply enjoys relaxing with his hurfians. Lucky gets along with most dogs, however can be intimidated by those larger than him. He'll make a wonderful companion and will prove you can teach an old dog new tricks. Meet him by asking for ID#A1771241 Tag#C499. Lucky can be adopted for $35. Heather is a two year old spayed Tortie who weighs 101bs. Spunky and sassy, this beautiful gal will make herself the queen of your castle in no time. Heather arrived to the shelter as a stray and hopes to leave as a permanent member of a loving family. Meet this diva by asking for ID#A1808755 Tag#C875. Heather can be adopted for $58. All adoptions will include vaccinations, spaying/neutering (upon adoption), a microchip and free Vet visit. Dog fees also include a 1 year license. Lucky and Heather are at our Central County Shelter, 5480 Gaines Street, San Diego. The Shelter hours are 9:30AM to 5:30PM, Tuesday through Sunday or visit www.sddac.com for more information. ........... L, ................................................ ........................................................ St. Elizabeth's Catholic Church Hosting the 22" Annual Saturday & Sunday October 21 & 22, 2017 11am - 4pm 2033 Main Street - Julian ENJOY LIVE MUSIC, DANCING, GREAT FOOD & BEVERAGES, AND JULIAN APPLE PIE! PRE-PAID MEAL TICKETS AT A DISCOUNT CALL: 619-569-7567 ~" RAFFLE TICKETS $1EA, $5 FOR 6"- ' 30" ELECTRIC MASTERBUIL T SMOKER OR 2 NIGHTS STAY A T LAKE CUYAMACA FOR MORE INFO CONTACT: OFFICE@STELIZABETHJULIAN.ORG ....................................................................................... rllltrfn~ far mmn .... CUSTOM HOMES DECKING DOORS WINDOWS ELECTRICAL SERVICE HARDWOOD FLOORING -- d :t':lm] I [e-- l :/:11 i d it-- l :1 lvj [I] I] :1111 i [-- ---t :1 ;il I [-'2__-11"t-'!1 d :1 ?; !.'-- -- II I III :llVAvle] =t [w --VAVl:l 1:1 a :1 ?j !.-- -rlvl :! q ii m] i q q I it-- Electric General Contractor Contractor Plumbing T LARRY NOBLE CONSTRUCTION INC. New Meters New Panels Fans & Lighting Additional Circuits ,v Water Well Electrical cell (760) Z71 0166 License # 678670 General Contractor Over 35 Years Experience Lawrence Noble, Owner Julian Resident for 27 years State Lic. 602654 New Construction Room Additions Decks Remodels 760- 765" 2363 PO Box 1342 JULIAN, CA 92036 GENERAL CONTRACTORS Office 760 788-7680 Cell 760 519-0618 Mike DeWitt Cell 760 522-0350 Pat DeWitt PO Box 518 Julian, CA 92036 License # 737182 Laidlaw Plumbing Co. General Plumbing Contractors 760-702-7721 COMMERCIAL ~ qVE DO IT ALL " L()CALIN OWNFD AND ()PI~RA'I]-D DON I.AII)I,AW OWNER Bull Dozer ServicesExcavation / Site Work I W-6-r I Clearing, Grading, I Roads, Pads I All General Engineering I No Move In SnEL I Charge - o unour 1760.749 1782/760.390.0428 Larry Herman Licence 938001-A ' Carpet / Flooring / Window Treatment ******************************* :**,JULIANIBmlIOI $, Bg,, **** "k. dlWL_, A\NI F,4.LQ VAEEIMIHI . Floor & Window Coverings for over 40 years _,.,fl~ 01L4 _ ,aqt * (760) 765 1605 ~= ~~.~ * * , , ,, , , * . IIARDWOOD LAMINATE CARPEl; TILE& IORoEi. so. Calilornia Business and Prolessions Code Section 7027, et sec, requires that any advertisement hy a licensed contractor include the contractors license number. Section 7027.2 says that unlicensed persons whose work qualifies under the minor work exemption, less than $300 including male@ and labor, may advertise, provided that he or she state in the advertisement that they are not licensed, The California Contractors State License Board publishes a tree booklet, "What You Should Know Before You Hire A Contractor." For free information call: 1-800-321-CSLB(2752i. 2 x 4 Advertising Space Available 2 x 2 Advertising 13 weeks Only $175 Call the Julian News for details. We Can Design the right ad for you! 760.765 2231 Space Available 13 weeks Only $100 Exterior/Interior Specialist Reliable - Over 35 Years Experience Fully Licensed and Bonded Power Washing Lic # 792234 Serving All of "Free Estimates San Diego County LOCAL JULIAN RESIDENT 760 212 9474 Call- Bert Huff I For 30 years I have been taking care of San Diego and the backcountry's water problems. big or small. Bad taste, odor, hard water, iron ... no mater what your water problem I can guarantee the highest quality products at the best price. t WE REPAIR ALL MAKES & MODELS www.haguewatersandiego.com 760-789"5010 SALES SERVICE { Residential & Commercial Water Treatment Systems - Water Testing License No. 415453