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Julian , California
November 21, 2018     The Julian News
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November 21, 2018

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The Julian News 3 November 21, 2018 THEJULIANTREECOMPANY Local Experience Since 1988 * Tree Consulting and Inspection * LongTerm Forest Maintenance and Planning * Hazardous Removal and Precision Felling * Ornamental Pruning and Lacing * Brush Clearing and Chipping FREE ESTIMATES Licensed and Bonded Fully Insured for Your Protection ERIC DAUBER H: 760-765-2975 C: 760-271-9585 PO Box 254 JULIAN, CA. 92036 WE-8690A License #945348 Cold December Nights Showcase Brilliant Dark Sky Objects by Bill Carter December is one of the finest months for amateur astronomers using binoculars or a small telescope to observe deep sky objects. In past articles I have discussed the stunning Pleiades open cluster located on the shoulder of the constellation Taurus the Bull, and the Double Cluster located midway between the main stars (Delta Cassiopeiae and Gamma Perseus) in the constellations Cassiopeia and Perseus. Open star clusters are a relatively compact collection of a few dozen to a few hundred stars that formed from a single molecular cloud. The stars in these open clusters are only loosely gravitationally bound so they disperse after a brief time (as long as several hundred million years in astronomical terms). However, this month I want to highlight an open cluster in the constellation Cassiopeia designated as NGC 457. This cluster is often referred to as the “Owl Cluster” or more commonly, since Steven Spielberg’s 1982 movie, the “E.T. Cluster”. This cluster is located just 2 degrees south-southwest of the star Delta Cassiopeiae, the second most northern star in the “W” shaped Cassiopeia constellation (just slightly northeast of the zenith). The E.T. cluster consists of two prominent stars at its southeastern end that mark the alien’s eyes, two chains of stars running northeast and southwest that form its arms and two stars at its northwestern end that mark its feet. The cluster bears an uncanny resemblance to the alien in the movie, and if you stare at it for a while you may even see the different colors of the two eyes – yellow and blue-white. December is also a great month to observe two galaxies that are both members of our local group of galaxies, the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) and the Pinwheel Galaxy (M33). I recommend that you turn your binoculars or small telescope toward The Great Pegasus Cluster (M15) in the constellation Pegasus. This globular cluster is located 4 degrees northwest of the long arm of stars extending west from the nearly square-shaped constellation Pegasus. The square of Pegasus will be located very slightly south of the zenith. A globular cluster is a giant ball of stars that orbit the Milky Way galaxy in its halo rather than in its disk. This globular cluster is more than 30,000 light years from Earth and contains about 100,000 stars that are over 12 billion years old. The center of this cluster has experienced a “core collapse” and is not resolvable in ground-based telescopes. One of the most productive and reliable meteor showers each year, the Geminids, will peak at 4:30 am PST on December 14th. These meteors have an asteroid as their source rather than a comet. The apparent origin point (the radiant) for this meteor shower is Castor, the bright star in the constellation Gemini. Castor will rise above the eastern horizon about 45 minutes after sunset and will rise to about 30 degrees above the horizon by 9 pm local time (according to Sky and Telescope magazine). If you wish to participate in a scientific meteor NGC – 457 The E.T. Cluster Make healthy choices and say no to drugs was the theme for the Julian Junior High School's Red Ribbon Week sponsored by the Junior High ASB. From October 23rd-31st, the junior high had door decorations on each teacher's classroom door that supported the theme of making healthy choices. Each student took a pledge to live their life with the purpose of putting things in perspective to treat others kind and to make healthy choices by living a life drug free. Each day at the junior high was filled with spirit days where the students dressed up for twin day, pajama day, and more. The students also participated in watching some Natural High videos where they got to see famous people making healthy choices and living a life with natural highs instead of drugs and alcohol. It was inspiring to be able to see how successful these role models could be by focusing on goals instead of drugs. The students were also lucky enough to be able to have a spirit day filled with fun-filled activities such as bobbing for apples, relay races, and real life natural highs such as fun games and laughing, as well as they got to see former students (alumni from Julian Junior High) come back to talk to the students about their choices and their lives. Speakers like Nick Massa who is a competitive weight lifter told of his story how he stayed away from drugs and alcohol by focusing on positive choices, role models, and weight lifting. He was able to bench press almost 400 pounds right in front of the student body and that inspired many of the students to be able to see what they can accomplish by setting goals, staying away from drugs, and making sure to have positive influences in their lives. Another speaker and alum was Isaiah Ortega who now is a fire fighter but showed up as Deadpool. When he arrived on campus, the kids flocked around him because they were so excited to meet Deadpool, but he told them that although Deadpool came to school today, that they can reach their own goals and be anything that they set their mind to and encouraged them to make choices that will get them to where they want to be in life. Local sheriff Colt Anderson, also a former alum, spoke on how he became a sheriff and the hard work that he had to do in order to accomplish his goal and the consequences of what happens when kids do not pick a healthy lifestyle. He talked about the long term effects of what drugs and alcohol can do We filled the entire boat on the Pirates of the Caribbean with Julian ASB officers. The Julian Junior High officers woke up very early this past week! They rolled out of bed while the stars were still out to make it to the school by 5A.M. Too bad most of them don’t drink coffee! They set off for a grand adventure in Anaheim. First, they attended “LASC” Leadership Association of Student Council where they learned valuable leadership skills. Then it was off to the main attraction. They zipped through the cosmos, ran a raft down a waterfall, fought of pirates in the Caribbean, and had many more fantastic adventures. To round out the day of fun they bonded and ate dinner together. The weary students made it home around 9 P.M. We are proud to say that all the ASB students attended classes the next day. Work hard, play hard. A great motto to live by! Julian Junior High Visits Disneyland By Mac Moretti (Julian Junior High ASB Historian Director) Red Ribbion Week At The Junior High and what could happen when he has to get involved with local law enforcement. Red Ribbon Week was a wonderful time to reflect on what making daily positive and healthy choices can do for your life and your future goals. Thank you speakers and parents for your support. The kids heard you and got a chance to meet real life role models and everyday heroes. Coming up at the Junior High on November 27th is the Junior High's second year in a row participating in Rachel's Challenge where kids get to find their voice and learn more about the importance of kindness and a lasting legacy. If you would like to help out, please call the Junior High office. count, see detailed instructions at www.imo.net/visual/major. As for the planets; Saturn sets about two hours after the Sun in the first half of December, Mars moves from the constellation Aquarius in the southwest to the constellation Pisces in the south during the month and sets at approximately 11:30 pm each night, Venus rises about 45 minutes before sunrise in the southeast and Jupiter begins to rise an hour before the Sun in the southeast on December 12th. On December 21st, Jupiter will pass less than 1 degree from Mercury low in the southeast just before dawn. The Winter solstice (the longest night of the year) occurs on December 21st. The Julian Dark Sky Network has no Star Party events planned in December. If you are interested in learning more about what you can see in our night skies, go to the “Sky This Month” section of the website http://www.astronomy. com/observing.