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The Julian News
Julian , California
November 21, 2018     The Julian News
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November 21, 2018

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continued on page 13 10 The Julian News November 21, 2018 C O N T R A C T O R S • C U S T O M H O M E S • D E C K I N G • D O O R S & W I N D O W S • E L E C T R I C A L S E R V I C E • H A R D W O O D F L O O R I N G • • GRADING • PAINTING • REMODELING • SEPTIC SYSTEM S • TILE W OR K • WATER SYSTEM S • W ELL D R ILLIN G • Excavation / Site Work LARRY NOBLE CONSTRUCTION INC. General Contractor Lawrence Noble, Owner Julian Resident for 27 years State Lic.602654 New Construction Room Additions Decks Remodels 760 • 765 • 2363 PO Box 1342 JULIAN, CA 92036 Over 35 Years Experience General Contractor GENERAL CONTRACTORS Office 760 788-7680 Cell 760 519-0618 • Mike DeWitt Cell 760 522-0350 • Pat DeWitt PO Box 518 Julian, CA 92036 License # 737182 Contractor Carpet / Flooring / Window Treatment Heating / Air Conditioning Service HomeandBusiness ElectricalService Gus Garcia’s New Meters New Panels Fans & Lighting Additional Circuits Water Well Electrical cell (760) 271 0166 License # 678670      HomeandBusiness Water Well Electrical Electric ® 3582 Highway 78 at Newman Way 765-2601 (760) Fax (760)756-9020 Access 7 Days - 7a.m. to Dark • UNITS AVAILABLE NOW! email = julianministorageteam@gmail.com Outside Storage - Trailers, Boats, Cars, RV’s Unit Sizes - 5x10, 10x10, 10x15, 10x20, 10x30 Julian Mini Storage Serving the CoMMunity of Julian GATED - SECURE STORAGE SITES Water Treatment Services Debbie Fetterman REALTOR® CalBRE #01869678 debbiellama@live.com 760.522.4994 Specializing in Ranch & Equine Properties and the Custom Showing of your Investment Your Personal & Professional Real Estate Expert Bull Dozer Services Dozer Work Clearing, Grading, Roads, Pads All General Engineering $ 99/hour 760.749.1782/760.390.0428 Larry Herman Licence 938001-A Your coffee habit is likely contributing to deforestation and the loss of biodiversity in the tropics. Credit: Kris Krug, FlickrCC. Dear EarthTalk: I drink a lot of coffee and I'm wondering how bad this is for the environment? And how I can make sure I’m feeding my 3-cup-a-day habit in the greenest way possible? – Denny Mahon, Worcester, MA About half of Americans over age 18 (some 150 million of us) drink coffee in some form—drip, iced or in an espresso or latte— every day, with three cups a day a typical average. These 450 million daily cups represent about one-fifth of the total daily global coffee consumption of 2.25 billion cups a day. Traditionally grown in shady groves under the canopy of fruit trees, coffee has been one of the greenest crops there is. But modern demand, coupled with the so-called “Green Revolution” to boost yields by any means necessary, has dictated that coffee production follow the same monocultural path as other key commodity crops. Indeed, nowadays most of the coffee we drink comes from plantations whereitisgrowninfullsunwithout competition from other crops and with lots of chemical inputs. The result has been widespread deforestation across the tropics (and a resulting devastation to biodiversity) to make room for more highly profitable coffee plantations. Another big environmental problem with coffee production is water waste. A landmark 2003 study by Dutch researchers found that some 37 gallons of water are used (and subsequently wasted) to produce a single cup of coffee. And yet another hurdle for the coffee industry to overcome is the exploitation of workers, which in recent decades led to the birth of a “fair trade” movement to try to ensure economic justice in the industry. So how do we make sure our coffee habit isn’t making these situations worse? Look for one or more certification labels on the coffee you buy. The “Rainforest Alliance Certified” frog logo shows you that the coffee in question comes from farms that provide habitat for tropical birds while paying workers fair wages. Meanwhile, the “Fair Trade USA Certified” globe with two baskets symbol means that the coffee you’re buying was produced using sustainable methods by workers and farmers who are not only paid fair wages but also get access to education, health care, clean water and job training. Yet another certification to look for is the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center’s “Bird-Friendly” mark which denotes that the coffee for sale is 100 percent shade-grown, fair trade and organic. UTZ Certified and Counter Culture Direct Trade Certified coffees are also produced and distributed without harming the environment or exploiting workers. How you make your coffee also impacts the environment. The good old “pour over” method rivals the French press not only in simplicity but also in eco- friendliness given that neither rely on electricity. At the other end of the spectrum are the Keurig-type coffee makers, each cup of which yields not only your coffee but also an empty wasted plastic K-Cup pod to clog up your local landfill. If you can’t give up the convenience of your Keurig coffee maker at home— or you don’t have a choice at the office—at least source coffee that comes in compostable pods. Woken Coffee, for instance, comes in 100% compostable pods that can be tossed into food and yard waste bins after use to become part of someone else’s topsoil. CONTACTS: Rainforest Alliance Certified Coffee, www. rainforest-alliance.org/articles/ rainforest-alliance-certified-coffee; Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center’s “Bird-Friendly” Coffee, nationalzoo. si.edu/migratory-birds/bird-friendly- coffee; Fair Trade Certified, www. fairtradecertified.org; UTZ Certified, utz.org; Counter Culture Direct Trade Certified, counterculturecoffee.com/ sustainability; Woken Coffee, https:// woken.coffee. EarthTalk® is produced by Roddy Scheer & Doug Moss for the 501(c)3 nonprofit EarthTalk. To donate, visit www.earthtalk. org. Send questions to: question@ earthtalk.org. Hard Truths When your family history includes tragedy or difficult, even unspeakable hardship, sharing those moments with your child can connect them to their own resilience. by Dawn MacKeen My mother was dicing the carrots and peeling the potatoes as she talked, her voice full of excitement. I was about 6 years old and already knew the story well. “Your grandfather was a hero,” she said. “He crossed the desert as the Turks tried to kill him. Every time they tried to catch him, he outsmarted them.” I nodded approvingly. Yes, my own grandfather had crossed barren tracts of land and outwitted the bad guys, in a plotline ripped straight from one of my cartoons. I always felt a sense of pride during the telling of this tale until she added this last bit: “He was so thirsty, he drank his own urine.” Why would anyone do that? I wondered. At that age, I couldn’t fathom circumstances that would drive someone to such extremes. It just seemed like a gross-out story told on the schoolyard and made me feel shame. My mother was only repeating whatherfather,Stepan,did—and that was to tell this story. During her own childhood, her father would regularly take her back to the last days of the Ottoman Empire, when the government deported the majority of the 2 million Armenians, driving more than half of them to their deaths. Sentence by sentence, she’d memorized almost every detail of his life’s upturn, as he slid from a successful entrepreneur to a beggar on a death march, alongside other ethnic Armenians. One of the few people who survived the Ottoman Empire government’s systematic extermination of an estimated 1.5 million Armenians during World War I, my grandfather never stopped sharing his story: how he had outmaneuvered police, donned disguises, and when he least expected it, experienced the kindness of strangers, as his community died around him. His recently discovered notebooks became the basis for my book, The Hundred-Year Walk: An Armenian Odyssey. Using his words and additional research to reconstruct his experience, I retraced his death march across present-day Turkey and Syria. But the kernel of the book began long ago, in the kitchen, when my mother told me about my grandfather’s desperate struggle to survive. Many parents face a similar decision as my mother, only with different narratives: Should we pass down stories from our families when those stories are exceedingly painful? Or is it better to shield children from such horrific facts? Is there a right time to broach conversations about war, torture, violence, addiction? Recent research shows that educating children about their family history can be beneficial to their development. Knowing one’s family history is associated with a higher self-esteem and resilience. But for families that harbor dark chapters (And what family doesn’t?), it’s not easy to know when and how to share these stories. “In almost every family, there’s a family secret,” said Marshall P. Duke, professor of Psychology at Emory University. “Those are typically embarrassing. What we found in the family histories of the kids who seem more resilient, they had knowledge of things that were not so good.” Though kids seem to benefit from knowing even the darker tales from their family history, psychologists stress that parents need to take care about how they tell the story. Duke and his colleagues found that the most beneficial family histories oscillate from good times to bad times and back again. These narratives are most reflective of life, he said, unlike ones scrubbed clean of adversities. This way, children can grow up learning that they can move past the inevitable challenges that arise. “When you’re informed that your heritage was associated with bravery, perseverance, or overcoming adversity, it says, ‘Hey it’s in my blood.’” said Charles R. Figley, distinguished chair in mental health at Tulane University. Understanding the heroic actions of one’s family members seems to help children identify with resilience, which in turn makes them more resilient. So what’s the best way to tell these stories? How does one inform and empower, particularly when it’s a painful history of genocide, slavery, or war? A lot has changed since the early days of teaching children about the Holocaust. In past generations, fourth graders watched graphic documentaries, like the 1955 French Night and Fog, with little explanation. It was a viewing that scarred some into adulthood. Grainy black-and- white stills and video showed terrified villagers in cattle cars, camps full of the skeletal, and the pyres of the dead. Research shows that children do not learn when stressed. “If you’re crying, you’re not learning,” explained Karen Shawn, visiting Associate Professor at Yeshiva University and editor of Prism, a journal for Holocaust educators. “Because your emotions are trying to protect yourself.” Parents should first ask themselves what their motivation is, particularly when the child is very young. “If you’re living with a Jewish grandmother, and she screams at night, then there’s a reason to tell because the child needs to learn,” Shawn said. “Outside of that, no one has yet been able to express the need for a child to know that horror exists in the world. If there’s no need to tell the child, why tell the child? … Otherwise, it’s your need to tell, not their need to learn.” Many times, the story can wait until the child is older. But if there’s an excruciating story that absolutely needs to be shared with your child, then begin by seeking the guidance of a therapist or psychologist. Plan the story so you can stop if your child doesn’t seem to be handling the information. And, as always, monitor the situation as you go. “The bigger the story, the bigger the impact, [and] the more planning should go into this,” advised Figley. “Because if you can pull it off, it’s a gift.” Eugenie Mukeshimana, a survivor of the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi, never had that sit-down conversation with her daughter. She didn’t have to. For the five years following the slaughter’s end in Rwanda, she and her daughter buried the remains of friends and family members once they were found. Mukeshimana’s husband had been killed without ever meeting their baby girl, and Mukeshimana barely survived the slaughter herself. “Every weekend, I went to those burials and I took her with me. I didn’t think twice that she shouldn’t be seeing this. Her childhood memories are of the genocide.” By the time her daughter was 8, she knew more than Mukeshimana anticipated. When the U.S. was going to war with Iraq, the then-8-year-old penned a letter to then-President George W. Bush. “In her broken English, she sent a letter to Washington to protest the war,” recounted Mukeshimana who is the founder of Genocide Survivors Support Network, a nonprofit dedicated to genocide prevention and advocacy. “In that letter, one of the lines was ‘war kills because the war killed my dad, I don’t want you to go to war.’” Now 22 years old, her From old power tools to cordless telephones, cameras, e-readers, tablets and cellphones, many people don’t know what to do when batteries no longer hold a charge. Indeed, more than half of individuals throwing away battery-operated electronic devices leave the battery attached. This is a dangerous act, especially if the batteries are Lithium-based. When hauling your holiday decorations out of storage, check to make sure that there aren’t any forgotten batteries hiding under cherished mementos. To safely and easily recycle the batteries you find, Call2Recycle suggests the following steps: 1. Tape: Protect the ends/ terminals with non-conductive electrical, duct or clear packing tape. 2. Bag: Store the taped batteries in a clear plastic bag that closes. 3. Drop: Recycle your rechargeable batteries at a convenient Call2Recycle drop-off location including retail partners Lowe’s, Home Depot or Staples. It’s an easy errand to complete while doing your holiday shopping. Eighty-six percent of the U.S. population lives within 10 miles of a Call2Recycle drop- off location. More information on battery recycling and battery safety can be found by visiting call2recycle. org. Recycle Your Batteries continued from page 8