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December 9, 2009     The Julian News
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December 9, 2009
 

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12 The Julian News Propane Service Alternative Power DPLU has issued a permit for a test/' model installation HARDWARE STORES on.-Sat 8 a.m. . 5 p.m. unday 8 a.m. -2p.m. [Hilltop Supply A P, mal Coumtty Hardvare Store Why spin y?our wheels trying to find items elsewhere. Our customers say we stock almost everything they've ever tried to find, Instead of last resort, TRY US FIRST! We don't got it, we can get it. Come see why we're'HILLTOP SUPPLY." 619 473.8461.619 445-2188 +eT.506 om H: 80, O.,,.,y Bin, um00A,00n00 P.O. Box 159. Ramona, CA 92065 (760) 789-0240 OPEN SUNDAYSI EARTH TALK00 Questions & Answers About Our Environment Dear EarthTalk: What is the status of the hyena in the wild? Though unloved by many, the hyena has always struck me as one of God's survivors. -- Jim Reddoch, Portland, TX Among the most intelligent animals on Earth, three species of hyenas still roam in wilder parts of Africa and Asia. Of them, the striped hyena and the brown hyena are most at risk. Both are considered "Near Threatened" by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which maintains a "Red List" of at-risk and extinct species around the world. The spotted hyena is doing well enough to be considered of "Least Concern" by IUCN, but its population is also declining, primarily due to habitat loss. In general, hyenas are large, strong, flesh-eating animals that hunt a wide range of prey but mostly feed on carrion (the kills of other predators). They most closely resemble dogs but are in fact more closely related to cats. When full-grown, hyenas range from about 3 1/2 to 5 1/2 feet long and weigh between 75 and 175 pounds. Considered as smart as some primates, hyenas work in teams to hunt zebras and wildebeests. They communicate through a series of yells and growls, and their cries resemble human laughter. The striped hyena roams a very large, patchy range stretching from northern Africa through the Middle East to India. Biologists estimate that only 5,000 to 14,000 iindividuals exist today in the wild. According to the IUCN, major reasons for the animals' decline include persecution (especially poisoning) by humans,, decreasing sources of carrion due to declines in the populations of other large carnivores (wolves, cheetahs, leopards, lions and tigers) and their prey, and changes in livestock practices. "Humans are consistently indicated as the major source of mortality... largely because the [hyena] is loathed as a grave robber, and because, of incidents of damage to agriculture...and livestock," reports the IUCN. Also taking a toll is illegal hunting forstriped hyena skins and body parts for use in traditional medicine. Meanwhile, only 5,000 to 8,000 Brown hyenas today roam parts of sub-Saharan Africa. The brown hyena is relatively safe in protected areas, but clashes with humans elsewhere have taken their toll. The IUCN reports that negative attitudes toward brown hyenas prevail across South Africa and elsewhere, with many ranchers and farmers shooting, poisoning, trapping and hunting them with dogs. The UK-based Predator Conservation Trust has established the Brown Hyena Research Project to help form strategies to promote the long- term survival of the species and its southern Africa habitat. As many as 47,000 spotted hyenas live in sub-Saharan Africa. They suffer similar forms of persecution as other hyenas but have fared better due to their ability to adapt to life in proximity to humans. The IUCN's Hyena Specialist Group focuses on developing hyena conservation strategies worldwide through integrated research and public education to change attitudes toward these much maligned animals. Conservationists underscore the importance of preserving hyenas because, if for no other reason, we can learn much from them. For one, hyenas possess unique immune systems that allow them to withstand diseases that kill other animals. "Only if hyenas are available to study will we be able to unravel the mysteries of their immune responses," reports IUCN. CONTACTS: International Union for the Conservation of Nature, iucn.org; Predator December 9, 2009 Conservation Trust, predatorconservation.com; IUCN Hyaena Specialist Group, www. hyaenidae.org. GOT AN ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTION? Send it to: EarthTalk C/O E/The Environmental Magazine P.O. Box 5098 Westport, CT 06881 e-mail: earthtalk@emagazine.com. or submit it at: www.emagazine.com/ earthtalk/thisweek/ The striped hyena and the brown hyena are both considered "near threatened" by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which maintains a "Red List" of at- risk and extinct species around the world. The spotted hyena, pictured here, is doing well comparatively, but its population is also declining, primarily due to habitat loss. photo courtesy Ikiwaner and Wikipedia The Spats by Jeff Pickering - --------=- II { WoW, TARe/CTI II 1 CO.TOM HOMES • DECKING DOORS & WINDOWS ELECTRICAL SERVICE HARDWOOD FLOORING CONTRACTORS Contractor LARRY NOBLE CONSTRUCTION INC. General Contractor New Construction Room Additions Decks Remodels Over 30 Years Experience (760) 765-2363 P.O. Box 1342 Julian, CA 92036 Lawrence Noble, Owner St. Li’. #602654 III Contractor ..... 25 Years Lic. #B459249 I --Custom Homes Jl .Remodels . .Additions General Repairs FREE P " "  ESTIMATES (760') 765-Z607 Water Treatment For over 26 years dad has been taking care of back country water problems, big or small. 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Box 518 Cell 760 519-0618 Mike DeWitt Julian, CA. 92036 Cell 760 522-03,50 Pat DeWitt Lic. #737182 Air Conditioning and Heating [760] 765-0749 Construction & Electrical Painting DENNIS WINSHIP PAINTING Fully Licensed and Insured License #459575 P.O. Box 632 Julian, CA 92036 1760) 765-0265 N W Marsh Construction And Electric Custom Homes / Additions / Renovations / Decks / Framing Complete Electdcal Services / Residential / Commercial / Agricultural Complete Solar installations / Back up Generator Sales & installation Ca. Lic. # 868813 Ph. 760-782-08061 Ceil 760-518-0296 Building and Powering North County for 21 years Nathan W. Marsh-President Le M,. Earn Yo Buslr,e Concrete - Foundations - Retaining Walls Excavation / Site Work Bobcat • Demolition BOBCAT WORK • DEMOLITION • JERRY COZENS & JUSTIN COZENS (760) 765-2589 (760) 803-3749 License # 439493 General Engineering Contractor • CONCRETE • • MASONRY • • PLASTER • AND ALL VALLEY DEMOLITION CONCRETE as low as $2.75 sq. ft. 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